Srinagar – “Queen of India” or “Paradise on Earth”. Facts And History

Srinagar, the largest city, is the summer capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is in the Kashmir Valley and lies on the banks of the Jhelum River. The city is famous for its scenic beauty, natural environment, houseboats, waterfronts and gardens, and lakes, which are major tourist attractions. It is also known for its traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and dry fruits. Srinagar is also home to some of the most important Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage sites.


History of Srinagar:

Some scholars translate its name “Srinagar” as “the city of Surya”, and others do it as “The city of Shri”,’ the Hindu goddess of wealth. Srinagar has a long and rich history. It was founded by the third Pandava King, Arjuna, who named it after his son, Srini. The city has been a centre of Buddhist learning and culture since the time of Emperor Ashoka and later became a stronghold of Hinduism under the rule of the Mughal Empire. In the 19th century, the city was conquered by the Sikh Empire and remained under Sikh rule until the arrival of the British in 1846. The British finally annexed the entire Kashmir Valley in 1857.

During British rule, Srinagar became an important administrative centre and a popular summer retreat for British officials. After the independence of India in 1947, Srinagar remained the summer capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The city has witnessed several upheavals since then, including the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, and the Kargil War of 1999. Despite the turmoil, Srinagar remains an important cultural and economic centre of Kashmir.


Srinagar tourism:

Srinagar is one of India’s most popular tourist destinations. The city is known for its picturesque setting, with the Jhelum River winding its way through the centre and the snow-capped Pir Panjal Mountains in the background.

Srinagar is also home to several important historical and cultural sites. The Mughal Gardens, for example, are a group of beautifully landscaped gardens that were built by the Mughal emperor Jahangir in the early 17th century. Other notable attractions include the Hazratbal Mosque, the Shankaracharya Temple and the Gulmarg ski resort. With its stunning natural scenery and rich cultural heritage, Srinagar is an unforgettable place to visit.


Places Worth visiting places in Srinagar:

Srinagar has several tourist attractions, including the Mughal Gardens, Dal Lake, Nishat Bagh, Shalimar Bagh and the Wular Lake. The city is also home to several mosques, temples, and shrines, including the Hazratbal Mosque, the Shankaracharya Temple and the Jamia Masjid.


Dal Lake, Srinagar

The Dal Lake, spread over 15 km, is a lake in Srinagar. It is called the Jewel of Srinagar. The lake is also a popular tourist destination. It is the second-largest lake in the state, after Wular Lake. The lake is divided into four parts, each with its own distinct character. The lake is an important source of fresh water for the city of Srinagar and its surrounding areas. The Dal Lake is also a popular destination for water sports, such as boating and fishing.


Shalimar Bagh, Srinagar

Shalimar Bagh is one of the most beautiful gardens in Srinagar, Kashmir. The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built it in 1619 AD. The garden is spread over an area of 15 acres and is divided into four terraces. The largest one of the three Mughal gardens in Srinagar. The highest terrace is at the height of 40 feet from the ground level. The garden has several fountains, waterfalls, and ponds. The main attraction of the garden is the massive Shalimar Lake, which covers an area of 12 acres.


Shankaracharya Temple, Srinagar

The Shankaracharya Temple, located in Srinagar on top of the Shankaracharya hill, is one of India’s most important religious sites. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shankaracharya, who is the founder of the Advaita Vedanta school of thought. Every year, thousands of pilgrims from all over the country visit the temple to offer their prayers and seek the blessings of the lord. Being atop a hill offers a stunning view of the city below. The temple complex also houses a museum, which contains a collection of artifacts and paintings related to the life and teachings of Lord Shankaracharya.


Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden, Srinagar

The Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden in Srinagar is one of the most beautiful and largest tulip garden in Asia. It is spread over an area of more than 30 hectares and has more than 1.5 million tulips of different colors. The garden is named after the former Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, who loved flowers and gardening. The garden is open from April to May and is a popular tourist destination during this time. The Tulip Festival held here is the highlight that attracts tourists worldwide.


Char Chinar, Srinagar

The Chinar trees of Srinagar have been a source of beauty and inspiration for centuries. These stately trees, with their distinctive leaves and branches, are a sight to behold. The Chinar tree is native to the Kashmir Valley and has been integral to the region’s culture and history. These trees are known for their strength and resilience and have been a symbol of hope and defiance in the face of adversity. The Chinar trees of Srinagar are a living testimony to the strength and resilience of the people of Kashmir. In the face of difficulties and challenges, these trees stand tall and proud, a reminder of the hope and determination of the people of this region.


Pari Mahal, Srinagar

Pari Mahal Srinagar is a beautiful and serene place that is perfect for a day out. It’s also called the abode of fairies or the home of angels. The Mahal was built in the 17th century by Prince Dara Shikoh and was later used as an observatory by the Mughal rulers. The Mahal offers stunning views of the Dal Lake and the surrounding mountains and is a great place to enjoy the peaceful atmosphere of Srinagar. The main attraction of Pari Mahal is the numerous colorful flowers and exotic fruit plantations.


Nigeen Lake, Srinagar

Nageen Lake is one of the most beautiful lakes in Srinagar. It is situated in the heart of the city and is surrounded by willow and poplar trees. The lake is fed by the waters of the Jhelum River and is home to various fish. Visitors to the lake can take a boat ride or enjoy the scenic views.


Shopping in Srinagar

There’s nothing quite like a day of shopping in Srinagar. From the bustling markets to the quaint shops, there’s something for everyone. And with so many options, you’re sure to find the perfect souvenir to take home with you. Whether you’re looking for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts or something more modern, you’ll find it all in Srinagar. The markets are a great place to start your shopping expedition, where you can bargain for the best prices. But if you’re after something more unique, the shops are worth visiting. So, what are you waiting for? Get out there and start shopping!



Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir, is one of the most beautiful places in India, situated in the valley of the Kashmiri Himalayas and surrounded by snow-capped mountains. The city has a rich history and was once the capital of the Kashmiri kingdom. There are many historical monuments and buildings in Srinagar, including the Mughal gardens, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city is also home to many traditional Kashmiri handicrafts, such as carpet-weaving and woodcarving. Srinagar is the perfect place to visit for those who love nature and want to experience the rich culture and history of Kashmir.

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