Jammu – The City Of Temples. Facts And History

Jammu is the winter capital of the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, located in the northernmost part of the territory, at an elevation of 1,600 meters (5,200 ft). The city experiences cold winters, with temperatures often falling below freezing point. Snowfall is also common in Jammu, which usually occurs in the months of December and January. Jammu is home to several tourist attractions, including the popular Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine. The city is also an important transit point for pilgrims travelling to the Kashmir Valley.




History of Jammu

Tarikh-i-Azmi is a book written by the 16th century historian, Muhammad Azam Khan. In it, he writes that Jammu came into existence around 900 CE. This is one of the earliest written records of the city, and it provides an essential glimpse into its history.

Jammu is thought to have been founded by Raja Jambu Lochan, who was the son of Raja Jamboo. He is said to have built a fort here, which later became the city. Over the centuries, Jammu has been ruled by several different dynasties, including the Mughals and the Sikhs. Today, it is the capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.


Modern History


The Jammu state under Raja Dhruv Dev of the Jamuwal (Jamwal) family asserted its supremacy among all the Dugar states after the decline of Mughal power in the 18th century. Raja Dhruv Dev was a brave and able ruler who expanded the Jammu state by conquest and diplomacy. He defeated the Raja of Srinagar and annexed his kingdom. He also concluded a treaty with the Gurkhas, which resulted in the cession of some Gurkha territories to Jammu. Raja Dhruv Dev’s reign was marked by peace and prosperity, and he is considered one of the greatest rulers of the Jammu state.


Climate of Jammu


Jammu, like the rest of north-western India, features a humid subtropical climate, with extreme summer highs reaching 46 °C (115 °F) and temperatures in the winter months occasionally falling below 4 °C (39 °F). The city is in a valley between the Himalayan foothills and the Pir Panjal mountain range, and experiences significant variation in temperature and precipitation depending on elevation. Jammu experiences heavy rainfall during the monsoon season, and the city is often covered in fog during winter. Despite its location in a relatively arid region, Jammu is home to several rivers and lakes, including the Tawi River, which flows through the city center.




Railway station, in Jammu, called Jammu Tawi (station code JAT). It is well connected with major cities of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, etc. It is the largest and busiest railway station in Jammu and Kashmir. It is also an important stop for the Shatabdi Express and the Rajdhani Express. The station has all the modern facilities like a computerized reservation system, waiting rooms, refreshment rooms, etc.


Economy of Jammu


Basmati is an aromatic rice which is traditionally from the Indian subcontinent. It is grown in the foothills of the Himalayas and is prized for its distinctive aroma and flavor. Basmati rice is typically light brown in color and is available in both white and brown varieties. The grain is long and slender, and each grain is distinct and separate from the others. Basmati rice is very versatile and can be used in various dishes, from simple steamed rice to more elaborate rice dishes.

Basmati rice from the RS Pura area near Jammu is some of the most famous local Basmati rice. This rice is grown in the foothills of the Himalayas and is prized for its distinctive aroma and flavor. The grain is long and slender, and each grain is distinct and separate from the others. Basmati rice is very versatile and can be used in various dishes, from simple steamed rice to more elaborate rice dishes.


Visiting places in Jammu


It is the winter capital of the state and the seat of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court. Jammu is in the Jammu Division of the state. It is an important Hindu pilgrimage site, with the nearby Mata Vaishno Devi shrine. Jammu is also home to the Amar Mahal Palace Museum and the Bahu Fort.

Jammu is a popular tourist destination, due to its location in the Himalayan foothills. The city is home to many historical and religious sites and natural beauty. Jammu is also known for its food, with many restaurants serving traditional Kashmiri cuisine.

There are many places to visit in Jammu, such as the Amar Mahal Palace Museum, Bahu Fort, and the Mata Vaishno Devi shrine. Jammu is also a good place to try traditional Kashmiri cuisine.


Vaishno Devi Temple


The Vaishno Devi temple is one of India’s most popular pilgrimage destinations. Located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, the temple is at an altitude of 5,200 feet above sea level. The temple is dedicated to the Hindu goddess Vaishno Devi, also known as the “Mother of the Universe.”

Every year, millions of devotees from all over the world visit the temple to seek the blessings of the goddess. The temple is accessible by a 13 km long trek from the town of Katra. The trek to the temple is considered very sacred and said to purify the mind and body of the devotees.

The Vaishno Devi temple is a very beautiful and peaceful place. The natural scenery around the temple is simply mesmerizing. The temple complex also has several small temples and shrines dedicated to other Hindu deities. Visiting the Vaishno Devi temple is a truly unique and unforgettable experience.


Mata Vaishno Devi shrine


Mata Vaishno Devi is one of the most popular Hindu shrines in India. It is in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, in the northern part of the country. Every year, millions of pilgrims from all over India and the world visit the shrine to pay homage to the goddess.

The shrine is situated at an altitude of 5,200 feet, in the Trikuta Mountains. It is a difficult and arduous journey to the shrine, but pilgrims undertake it with great devotion and faith. The journey to the shrine usually takes 3-4 days.

Pilgrims first visit the town of Katra, which is the base camp for the shrine. From there, they must trek through the mountains to reach the shrine. The last leg of the journey is the most difficult, as it involves a climb up a steep hill.

But the pilgrims are rewarded with the sight of the beautiful shrine situated in a cave. The goddess is worshipped in the form of a holy rock, which is enshrined in the cave.

Pilgrims offer prayers and make offerings at the shrine. They also take part in special puja ceremonies. After having the darshan of the goddess, they return to Katra, from where they begin their journey back home.


Amar Mahal Palace Museum and the Bahu Fort


Amar Mahal Palace Museum and the Bahu Fort are two of Jammu’s most popular tourist attractions. The Amar Mahal Palace Museum is a beautiful palace built in the 18th century. The Bahu Fort is a large fort that was built in the 16th century. Both attractions are in the city of Jammu, the capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.


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