Amritsar – the Golden City of India. Facts And History

Amritsar is a city with a rich history and a wide range of tourist attractions. Founded in the 16th century by Guru Ram Das, the fourth Sikh Guru, Amritsar has long been associated with the Hindu epic Ramayana. It is believed that Amritsar is the location of Maharishi Valmiki’s ashram where Sita gave birth to her twins, Lav and Kush. Intertwined with the history of Sikhism, Amritsar is home to the Golden Temple, the holiest shrine of the Sikhs. At the same time, Jallianwala Bagh continues to depict Amritsar’s vital position in the country’s freedom struggle. Fascinating legends, religious structures, historical edifices, bustling bazaars, colorful festivals, and delicious food all come together to mark Amritsar as a vibrant tourist destination. Whether you’re interested in religious history, Sikhism, or Indian culture, Amritsar is worth visiting.


Eye Catching places in Amritsar

  • The Golden Temple, Amritsar Wagah Border, Amritsar
  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum, Amritsar
  • Khalsa College, Amritsar
  • Ram Tirath Ashram, Amritsar
  • Tarn Taran, Amritsar
  • Mata Lal Devi Temple, Amritsar
  • Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar
  • Akal Takht, Amritsar
  • Durgiana Temple, Amritsar
  • Jama Masjid Khairuddin, Amritsar


The Golden Temple, Amritsar

The Golden Temple, located in Amritsar, Punjab, is one of the holiest sites in Sikhism. The temple is built around a man-made pool that is said to have been blessed by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of Sikhism. The temple is open to all, regardless of caste or creed, and is a place of pilgrimage for Sikhs from all over the world.

The Golden Temple is an architectural masterpiece, with its intricate gold-plated walls and marble floors. The temple complex also includes a museum, library, and a school. The temple symbolizes the Sikh belief in the equality of all people, and its doors are open to everyone.


Wagah Border, Amritsar

The Wagah Border is the only road border between India and Pakistan and is situated in the city of Amritsar in the Indian state of Punjab. Every day, at sunset, the Wagah Border ceremony is held in which the flags of both countries are lowered, and the border is closed for the night. The ceremony is a highly choreographed and theatrical event and is attended by large crowds on both sides of the border.


Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum, Amritsar

The Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum is a museum in Amritsar, India, that houses a collection of artifacts belonging to the Sikh Empire. The museum is named after Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the founder of the Sikh Empire. The museum was established in 1999, and its collections include weapons, paintings, and manuscripts. The museum is open to the public from Monday to Friday and offers free admission.


Khalsa College, Amritsar

Khalsa College, Amritsar, is a premier educational institution in North India. It was established in 1892 by the great Sikh leader, Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The college has produced many illustrious sons and daughters of India who have made a mark in various walks of life.

The college has a rich tradition of academic excellence and has been consistently ranked among the top colleges in India. It offers a wide range of courses in the Arts, Sciences, and Commerce stream. The college has a well-equipped laboratory and a well-stocked library. It also has a rich cultural heritage and organizes various events and activities throughout the year.

The college has a strong commitment to social responsibility and provides various facilities and services to the needy and the underprivileged. It also runs a free medical dispensary and a free legal aid clinic. The college is also actively involved in various environmental initiatives.

The college is in the heart of Amritsar and is easily accessible by all modes of transport. It is truly a world-class institution and is a pride of the Sikh community.


Ram Tirath Ashram, Amritsar

Ram Tirath Ashram is a religious retreat located in Amritsar, India. The ashram was founded in the early 20th century by Sant Baba Prem Singh Ji Maharaj. The main purpose of the ashram is to provide a place for spiritual contemplation and meditation. The ashram is open to all religions and spiritual traditions. The ashram is situated on the banks of the River Beas, in the foothills of the Himalayas. The ashram grounds are spread over 100 acres of land and include several temples, shrines, and meditation halls. Visitors to the ashram can participate in a variety of activities, including yoga, meditation, and devotional singing.


Tarn Taran, Amritsar

Tarn Taran is a city in the Majha region of the state of Punjab, India. The city is the administrative center of the Tarn Taran district and was founded in the 16th century by the Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak. The city is home to several historical and religious sites, including the Harmandir Sahib, or Golden Temple, which is one of the most important pilgrimage sites for Sikhs. Other notable sites include the Akal Takht, the highest seat of Sikh religious authority, and the Gurudwara Babe Nanak Da, which marks the birthplace of Guru Nanak.


Mata Lal Devi Temple, Amritsar

The Mata Lal Devi Temple is in the city of Amritsar, in the state of Punjab, India. The temple is dedicated to Mata Lal Devi, who is a manifestation of the goddess Durga. The temple is a popular pilgrimage site for Hindus and is visited by thousands of pilgrims every year. The temple complex includes several shrines and temples, as well as a large pond. The temple is known for its beautiful architecture and its peaceful atmosphere.


Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar

The Jallianwala Bagh is a public garden in Amritsar, Punjab, India. The garden is located near the Golden Temple and was the site of the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre. On April 13, 1919, British Indian Army soldiers opened fire on a crowd of unarmed civilians, killing hundreds of people. The incident was a key moment in the Indian independence movement and helped spark nationwide protests British rule. Today, the Jallianwala Bagh is a national monument and a popular tourist destination. Visitors can see the bullet marks on the walls of the garden and pay their respects to the victims of the massacre.


Akal Takht, Amritsar

The Akal Takht is the highest seat of authority of the Sikh religion, located in the city of Amritsar in the state of Punjab in India. It is one of the five takhts of the Sikh religion, and was built by the sixth Sikh Guru, Guru Hargobind, in 1605. The Akal Takht is the highest seat of temporal authority and is the central point of focus for the Sikh community worldwide. The Akal Takht is also the site of the annual Akhand Path, which is a 48-hour non-stop recitation of the Sikh holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib.


Durgiana Temple, Amritsar

The Durgiana Temple, also known as the Lakshmi Narayan Temple, is a Hindu temple located in Amritsar, Punjab, India. The temple is dedicated to the Hindu goddess Durga, and her consort, Lakshmi. The temple was built in the 16th century by the Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak Dev, and is one of the most important Sikh pilgrimage sites. The temple complex also includes several other shrines, including those dedicated to Hanuman, Shiv, and Guru Nanak Dev. The temple is situated on the banks of the sacred tank, the Amrit Sarovar, and is surrounded by several other temples and historical sites. The Durgiana Temple is a popular tourist destination and is one of the most visited temples in India.


Jama Masjid Khairuddin, Amritsar

Jama Masjid Khairuddin is one of the most famous mosques in Amritsar. This wonderful Mosque is in the heart of the city and is easily accessible from all parts of the city. The mosque was built by Khairuddin, a wealthy merchant, in the early 18th century. It is a large and imposing structure, with four minarets and a large central dome. The interior of the mosque is very ornate, with beautiful marble floors and walls covered in intricate Islamic calligraphy. A mosque is an important place of worship for the city’s Muslim community and a popular tourist attraction.



Amritsar is on top of the list of the places to visit in India. The city is in the state of Punjab and is often referred to as the “Golden city of India.” The city is famous for its historical and religious significance. The main attraction of the golden city is the Harmandir Sahib, popularly known as the Golden Temple. It is the most important pilgrimage site of the Sikh religion and is visited by millions of people every year. The temple was built in the year 1577. The city is also famous for the Wagah border ceremony. It is an impressive display of the military force of India and Pakistan. The ceremony is conducted every evening and is accompanied by the beating of the retreat by the Indian Army.

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