Mumbai, Maharashtra – Facts And History


Mumbai is the commercial capital of India and the dream destination for most business entrepreneurs. It is no doubt that people from different parts of India migrate to this city for the opportunities it offers. It is also the financial hub of India and people come here to get a chance to work in reputed banks or financial organizations.

Mumbai could be one of the most happening places, the world has ever seen. It is the city of dreams but people who come to this city find a different picture. This article will discuss the reasons why Mumbai is a happening place and what is behind the picture that most entrepreneurs see after landing in Mumbai.


Other Names Of Mumbai:


Mumbai, the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra, has had several names throughout its history. Here are some of the other names of Mumbai:

  • Bombay: Mumbai was known as Bombay during the British colonial period, and the name is still commonly used by many people, especially in the West.
  • Mumbadevi: The name “Mumbai” is derived from the name of the goddess Mumbadevi, who was worshipped by the original inhabitants of the area.
  • Bambai: This is a variation of the name “Bombay” and is commonly used by locals.
  • City of Dreams: Mumbai is often referred to as the “City of Dreams” because of its association with the Bollywood film industry and its reputation as a place where people come to pursue their dreams.
  • Maximum City: This is another nickname for Mumbai, which reflects its status as India’s largest and most populous city.
  • Financial Capital of India: Mumbai is often referred to as the “Financial Capital of India” because of its status as the headquarters of many of India’s largest banks and financial institutions.
  • Maya Nagari: This name means “City of Illusions” and is a nod to Mumbai’s reputation as a place where people come to pursue their dreams, but where the reality can often be harsh.

Overall, Mumbai has a rich and complex history, and its many names reflect the diverse cultural influences that have shaped the city over the centuries.


Interesting Facts About Mumbai:


Here are some interesting facts about Mumbai, India:

  • Mumbai was originally a group of seven islands that were home to the Koli fishing community. Today, it is a bustling city with a population of over 20 million people.
  • The name “Mumbai” comes from the goddess Mumbadevi, who was worshipped by the original inhabitants of the area.
  • Mumbai is home to the largest film industry in the world, known as Bollywood. It produces over 1,000 films every year.
  • The Gateway of India, a popular tourist attraction in Mumbai, was built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary in 1911.
  • The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) railway station in Mumbai is a UNESCO World Heritage site and was designed by British architect Frederick William Stevens.
  • Mumbai has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires of any city in India.
  • The Dabbawalas of Mumbai are known for their efficient lunch delivery system, which has been in operation for over 125 years.
  • The Bandra-Worli Sea Link, a cable-stayed bridge that connects the suburbs of Bandra and Worli, is a landmark in Mumbai and one of the longest bridges in the world.
  • The Elephanta Caves, located on an island near Mumbai, are a UNESCO World Heritage site and feature ancient rock-cut temples dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.
  • Mumbai is home to the largest tropical forest in an urban zone, the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, which covers an area of over 100 square kilometers.


How to Reach Mumbai:


Mumbai is well-connected by air, rail, and road. Here are some ways to reach Mumbai:

By Air: Mumbai has one of the busiest airports in India, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, which is well-connected to major cities in India and around the world. Many domestic and international airlines operate flights to and from Mumbai.

By Train: Mumbai is well-connected to all major cities in India by rail. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) and Mumbai Central are the two major railway stations in the city. Mumbai is also the headquarters of the Western Railways and Central Railways, making it a major railway hub.

By Road: Mumbai has a well-developed road network and is connected to major cities in Maharashtra and other states. National Highway 3, National Highway 4, and National Highway 8 pass through Mumbai, connecting it to major cities like Pune, Bangalore, and Delhi.

By Sea: Mumbai also has a port that serves as a major gateway for international trade. Passenger ships and ferries also operate from Mumbai to other cities and places like Alibaug, Mandwa, and Elephanta Caves.

Mumbai has a good public transport system, including taxis, buses, suburban trains, and metro. You can also hire a private taxi or car to travel within the city.


Why is Mumbai called the City of Dreams?


Mumbai is often referred to as the “City of Dreams” because it is a city that attracts people from all over India and the world who come to pursue their dreams and aspirations. Mumbai is the financial capital of India and is home to Bollywood, the largest film industry in the world, making it an attractive destination for those pursuing careers in finance, entertainment, and other industries.

Mumbai is also known for its entrepreneurial spirit and is considered a hub for startups and businesses. The city is known for its fast-paced lifestyle, opportunities for growth, and the chance to achieve success.

Moreover, Mumbai has a unique cosmopolitan culture that has evolved over the years, with people from diverse backgrounds living together in harmony. This has created an environment that is conducive to creativity, innovation, and the pursuit of one’s dreams.

In summary, Mumbai is called the “City of Dreams” because it is a city that attracts people from all over the world who come to pursue their dreams, and it offers a unique mix of opportunities, culture, and a vibrant lifestyle.


Historical Importance Of Mumbai:


Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay, is one of the most populous cities in the world and has played a significant role in the history of India. Here are some of the ways in which Mumbai has been historically important:

  • Gateway to India: Mumbai has been a major port city for centuries and was a gateway to India for traders and travellers from different parts of the world. The city’s location on the west coast of India made it an important trading centre for spices, textiles, and other commodities.
  • British colonial era: Mumbai was a major centre of British colonial power in India. It was the capital of the Bombay Presidency, which included much of western India, and was a major centre of trade and commerce for the British East India Company.
  • Indian Independence Movement: Mumbai played a crucial role in India’s struggle for independence from British rule. Many Indian freedom fighters, including Mahatma Gandhi, spent time in Mumbai and used the city as a base for their activities.
  • Bollywood: Mumbai is known as the heart of the Indian film industry, also known as Bollywood. Many of India’s biggest film studios are based in Mumbai, and the city has played a crucial role in the development of Indian cinema.
  • Financial capital of India: Mumbai is also the financial capital of India, with the headquarters of many of India’s largest banks and financial institutions located in the city. It is also a major centre for the Indian stock market and is home to the Reserve Bank of India, the country’s central bank.

Overall, Mumbai has played a significant role in India’s history and continues to be an important centre of culture, commerce, and finance in the country.


10 Places To Visit In Mumbai:


Mumbai is a vibrant city with a rich history and diverse culture. Here are ten places you should consider visiting when you are in Mumbai:

  • Gateway of India: A popular tourist attraction, the Gateway of India is an arch monument built during the British Raj. It offers stunning views of the Arabian Sea and is a great place for a photo-op.
  • Marine Drive: Also known as the Queen’s Necklace, Marine Drive is a beautiful promenade along the coast of the Arabian Sea. It’s a great place to take a leisurely walk or to watch the sunset.
  • Elephanta Caves: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Elephanta Caves are a collection of rock-cut caves dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. The caves are located on an island just a short ferry ride from Mumbai.
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: Formerly known as Victoria Terminus, this historic railway station is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a beautiful example of Victorian Gothic architecture.
  • Haji Ali Dargah: A popular pilgrimage site for Muslims, the Haji Ali Dargah is a beautiful mosque and tomb located on an islet off the coast of Mumbai.
  • Siddhivinayak Temple: This temple is dedicated to Lord Ganesha, the Hindu god of wisdom and prosperity and is a popular spot for both locals and tourists.
  • Colaba Causeway: This bustling street market is a great place to shop for souvenirs, clothing, and handicrafts. You’ll also find plenty of street food vendors and restaurants in the area.
  • Crawford Market: This historic market is a great place to buy fresh produce, spices, and other food items. It’s also a popular spot for shopping for clothing and accessories.
  • Juhu Beach: One of Mumbai’s most popular beaches, Juhu Beach is a great place to relax and enjoy the sea breeze. You’ll also find plenty of food vendors selling local snacks and street food.
  • Sanjay Gandhi National Park: Located on the outskirts of Mumbai, this national park is home to a variety of wildlife, including tigers, leopards, and deer. It’s a great place to go for a hike or to take a safari ride.


Beaches In Mumbai:


Mumbai is known for its beautiful beaches, which offer a refreshing break from the hustle and bustle of the city. Here are some popular beaches in Mumbai:

Juhu Beach: Juhu Beach is one of the most popular and accessible beaches in Mumbai. It’s a great place to watch the sunset, take a stroll, or enjoy some street food.

Girgaum Chowpatty: Girgaum Chowpatty is located in South Mumbai and is known for its lively atmosphere and street food stalls.

Versova Beach: Versova Beach is located in North Mumbai and is known for its clean surroundings and tranquil atmosphere.

Aksa Beach: Aksa Beach is located in Malad, a suburb in Western Mumbai, and is known for its scenic beauty and water sports activities.

Gorai Beach: Gorai Beach is located in North Mumbai and is accessible by a short ferry ride. It’s a popular destination for weekend getaways and has several resorts and restaurants.

Marve Beach: Marve Beach is located in Malad and is a popular destination for water sports and picnics.

Madh Island Beach: Madh Island Beach is located in Western Mumbai and is a secluded and peaceful beach, popular among locals.

Kalamb Beach: Kalamb Beach is located in Nalasopara, a suburb in the outskirts of Mumbai. It’s a great place to relax and unwind, away from the crowds of the city.

These beaches offer a variety of activities like swimming, water sports, horse riding, and more. However, it’s important to follow the rules and guidelines set by the local authorities for a safe and enjoyable experience.


Schools And Colleges In Mumbai:


Mumbai is known for its excellent educational institutions, both schools and colleges. Here are some of the most popular schools and colleges in Mumbai:



Cathedral and John Connon School
Campion School
Bombay Scottish School
Dhirubhai Ambani International School
St. Xavier’s High School
Jamnabai Narsee School
JB Petit High School for Girls
Aditya Birla World Academy
The American School of Bombay
Oberoi International School



St. Xavier’s College
Narsee Monjee College of Commerce and Economics
HR College of Commerce and Economics
Jai Hind College
Mithibai College
Wilson College
KJ Somaiya College of Arts and Commerce
Ramnarain Ruia College
Sophia College for Women
Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics

Apart from these, Mumbai is also home to several other reputed institutions like the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), and the National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), to name a few.


Restaurants And Hotels In Mumbai:


Mumbai is known for its diverse and vibrant food scene, with a wide range of restaurants and hotels catering to different tastes and budgets. Here are some popular restaurants and hotels in Mumbai:



The Bombay Canteen
Copper Chimney
Indigo Delicatessen
Leopold Cafe
Britannia & Co.
Cafe Mondegar



The Taj Mahal Palace
The Oberoi Mumbai
The St. Regis Mumbai
The Four Seasons Hotel Mumbai
The Grand Hyatt Mumbai
The Leela Mumbai
The Westin Mumbai Garden City
The Trident, Nariman Point
The InterContinental Mumbai
The Renaissance Mumbai Convention Centre Hotel
Apart from these, there are several other restaurants and hotels in Mumbai that cater to different tastes and budgets. Mumbai also has a vibrant street food scene, with popular dishes like vada pav, pav bhaji, and bhel puri available at various street food stalls and vendors throughout the city.




The city possesses all the necessary ingredients which any city would require to be the commercial capital of any country. Mumbai has got a cosmopolitan culture, with a rich history and heritage. Mumbai was the capital of India before Delhi. The city is home to many financial and business institutions. Mumbai is the most populated city in the country. The city is a hub of commercial, cultural, and entertainment activities. Mumbai is the financial and entertainment capital of India.

Recent Articles

Related Stories

Stay on op - Ge the daily news in your inbox