Pune, Maharashtra – Facts And History


Pune is located on the Deccan Plateau in the state of Maharashtra in western India. It is the seventh most populous city in India and the second-largest city in the state of Maharashtra, with an estimated population of 7.4 million as of 2020. Pune is known for its educational institutions, with over 100 colleges and universities, including the University of Pune and Symbiosis International University. The city is also home to the Film and Television Institute of India, the National Defence Academy and the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune is also a major industrial city, with automotive, IT and manufacturing industries. The city is also a major hub for start-ups and has a vibrant nightlife.




Pune is a city with a long and rich history. It was once the capital of the Maratha Empire and has been ruled by several dynasties over the centuries. The city has several historical landmarks, including the Shaniwar Wada fort and the Aga Khan Palace.

Pune is a city that has something for everyone, whether you’re looking for a vibrant nightlife, a rich history, or a thriving start-up scene, you’ll find it in Pune.

Pune is a city of wonderful places. From the bustling markets to the serene temples, there is something for everyone in this city. The markets are a great place to find souvenirs and gifts for loved ones back home, while the temples offer a place of peace and reflection. There are also many great restaurants and cafes in Pune, where you can sample the local cuisine. With so much to see and do, Pune is a city that you will never tire of exploring.


Other Names Of Pune:


Pune, a city in western India, is also known by the following names:

  • Poona – This is the old name of the city, which was changed to Pune in 1978.
  • P-Town – This is a popular nickname for Pune, and is often used by its younger residents.
  • Punya-Nagari – This nickname is derived from the Sanskrit term “Punya” which means “holy” or “sacred”. It refers to the city’s rich history and cultural heritage.
  • The City of Hills – Pune is located in the Sahyadri mountain range, and is surrounded by hills. This nickname acknowledges the city’s unique topography.
  • The Oxford of the East – Pune has a reputation for being an educational hub, with several renowned schools and universities located in the city. This nickname reflects Pune’s status as a center of learning.
  • The Cultural Capital of Maharashtra – As mentioned earlier, Pune is known for its rich cultural heritage and vibrant arts scene. This nickname acknowledges the city’s contribution to Maharashtra’s cultural landscape.
  • Queen of the Deccan – Pune is often referred to as the “Queen of the Deccan” because of its historical significance and scenic beauty.
  • Oxford of the East – Pune is home to several renowned educational institutions, which has earned it the title of the “Oxford of the East”.
  • Cultural Capital of Maharashtra – Pune is considered the cultural capital of Maharashtra because of its rich cultural heritage and vibrant arts scene.
  • Pensioner’s Paradise – Pune is known as a popular retirement destination in India because of its mild climate and relaxed lifestyle.
  • IT Hub of Maharashtra – Pune is emerging as a major IT hub in Maharashtra, with several global IT companies setting up operations in the city.
  • Motor City of India – Pune is also referred to as the “Motor City of India” because it is home to several automobile companies and is a major manufacturing hub for the automotive industry.


How to Reach Pune:


Pune is a city in the western part of India, located in the state of Maharashtra. There are several ways to reach Pune depending on your location and budget. Here are some of the most common ways to reach Pune:

  • By air: Pune has its own airport, Pune International Airport, which is well-connected to major cities in India as well as some international destinations. Some of the airlines that operate flights to Pune include Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara, and more.
  • By train: Pune is well-connected by rail to all major cities in India. There are several trains that run between Pune and Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, and other major cities in the country.
  • By bus: Pune has a well-developed bus network, and there are several state-run and private buses that connect Pune to other cities in Maharashtra as well as neighboring states like Karnataka, Goa, and Gujarat.
  • By car: If you prefer to drive, Pune is connected to major cities in Maharashtra and other nearby states via the national highways. You can also rent a car and drive to Pune from nearby cities like Mumbai, Nashik, or Aurangabad.

Regardless of the mode of transportation you choose, it is always advisable to book your tickets in advance to avoid any last-minute hassles.


History Of Pune:


Pune is a city in the western part of India, located in the state of Maharashtra. The city has a rich and diverse history that dates back to ancient times. Here is a brief overview of the history of Pune:

  • Ancient Times: The area around Pune has a long history of human settlement dating back to the Stone Age. Several ancient sites, including the Bhaja Caves, Karla Caves, and the Pataleshwar Cave Temple, provide evidence of the city’s rich cultural and religious heritage.
  • Medieval Period: During the medieval period, Pune was part of the Bahmani Sultanate and later the Adil Shahi dynasty of Bijapur. The city served as a major center of trade and commerce and was known for its textiles, metals, and agricultural products.
  • Maratha Empire: In the 17th century, Pune became the center of power of the Maratha Empire under the Peshwas, who were the de facto rulers of the empire. The Peshwas made significant contributions to the development of the city and the region, building several important structures like the Shaniwar Wada, Lal Mahal, and more.
  • British Rule: Pune came under British rule in the early 19th century, and the city played an important role in the Indian independence movement. Several prominent nationalist leaders like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, and Mahatma Gandhi were associated with the city.
  • Post-Independence Era: After India gained independence in 1947, Pune emerged as an important center of education, research, and industry. The city is home to several prestigious institutions like the University of Pune, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, and National Chemical Laboratory, among others.

Overall, Pune has a rich and diverse history, and its landmarks and monuments are a testament to the city’s important role in shaping the history and culture of India.


15 Places to Visit In Pune:


Here are 15 places to visit in Pune:

  • Shaniwar Wada: A historic fortification built in the 18th century, it served as the seat of the Peshwa rulers.
  • Aga Khan Palace: A historical landmark and museum, it was built in 1892 and served as the prison for Mahatma Gandhi during India’s independence movement.
  • Osho Ashram: A spiritual center founded by Osho, an Indian spiritual guru, it is a popular destination for meditation and spiritual healing.
  • Parvati Hill: A scenic hilltop that offers panoramic views of the city, it also houses a historic temple complex.
  • Dagdusheth Halwai Ganpati Temple: A popular temple dedicated to Lord Ganesha, it is known for its elaborate decorations during the annual Ganesh Chaturthi festival.
  • Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum: A museum showcasing an extensive collection of Indian arts and crafts.
  • National War Museum: A museum dedicated to India’s military history and the sacrifices made by Indian soldiers.
  • Pataleshwar Cave Temple: A rock-cut cave temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, it dates back to the 8th century.
  • Sinhagad Fort: A historic fort located on a hilltop, it offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape.
  • Saras Baug: A scenic park with a large temple complex and a picturesque lake.
  • Lavasa: A planned city located near Pune, it is known for its scenic beauty and recreational activities like boating, zip-lining, and more.
  • Vetal Tekdi: A popular hiking spot, it offers scenic views of the city and is home to several temples and caves.
  • Pune Okayama Friendship Garden: A Japanese-style garden that showcases the cultural exchange between Pune and Okayama, Japan.
  • Khadakwasla Dam: A scenic dam located on the outskirts of Pune, it is a popular picnic spot and offers boating and other water activities.
  • Pashan Lake: A bird-watching paradise, it is a natural lake that attracts a variety of migratory and resident birds.


10 Interesting Facts About Pune:


Here are 10 interesting facts about Pune:

  • Pune is known as the “Oxford of the East” due to its large number of educational institutions and students.
  • Pune is home to the National Defence Academy (NDA), which is the joint services academy of the Indian Armed Forces.
  • Pune has a significant Jewish population and is home to the Ohel David Synagogue, which is one of the largest synagogues in Asia.
  • The city has a vibrant music and arts scene, with several music festivals and cultural events taking place throughout the year.
  • Pune was the birthplace of the Marathi theater movement, which played a key role in the development of modern Marathi literature and drama.
  • The Peshwa Museum in Pune is dedicated to the history of the Maratha Empire and showcases the cultural and architectural heritage of the city.
  • The Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park in Pune is home to a wide range of exotic animals, including tigers, leopards, elephants, and more.
  • Pune is famous for its street food, with specialties like vada pav, misal pav, and bhel puri being popular among locals and tourists alike.
  • The Aga Khan Palace in Pune was the site of the imprisonment of Mahatma Gandhi and his wife Kasturba Gandhi during the Indian independence movement.
  • Pune is home to several IT and technology companies, and is known as the “Silicon Valley of India”. The city is also home to several startups and emerging tech companies.




Pune is a popular tourist destination. The city offers a wide range of activities for people of all ages. A variety of attractions, including museums, parks, and gardens, are available for tourists. The city has several historical monuments that are worth visiting. The most famous tourist destination in Pune is theĀ Shaniwar Wada fort, which was constructed during the 17th century. The fort is in the centre of the city and is surrounded by a huge wall that can be seen from a distance. The garden outside the fort is a good place to relax and enjoy the scenery. The museum has a collection of weapons, paintings, and other items of historical importance.

Recent Articles

Related Stories

Stay on op - Ge the daily news in your inbox