Muhammad Ali Jinnah Quaid-e-Azam: A short Biography


After the independence on 14 August 1947, Quaid-e-Azam was the first governor-general (1947-1948) of Pakistan. Finally, Quaid-e-Azam got this beautiful country after a very long struggle. He was a great and famous man in the 1940s, not only for the Muslims but also for the British government and the subcontinent. Why he was called by the title of Quaid-e-Azam and how he earned this, to know this let’s look into his short and brief biography.


Early life

He was born on 25 Dec 1876 in Karachi Pakistan at that time it was not known by the name Pakistan. It was the time when India and Pakistan were merged and called the subcontinent. As the eldest of seventh children of his parents. His father Poonja Jinnah was a prosperous merchant and his mother Mithibai was a housewife. His mother taught him qur’anic early education and also got admission to the Sindh-Madrasa-Tul-Islam for this purpose. He sent him to study at the Cathedral and John Cannon a primary school. He did his matriculation from Bombay.


Education in England

In 1892, he went to England for his higher studies. He got there his law degree. During his student years in England, Jinnah was influenced by 19th-century British political ideologies like many other future leaders. The Western world not only inspired Jinnah in his political views but also greatly influenced his personal preferences, particularly when it came to dressing. He always wore a sherwani and Karakul hat which subsequently came to be known as the “Jinnah cap. This dress code is well suited to his adorable personality.


Return to India

His mother died when he was in England. After returning to India he began his practice as a barrister in Bombay. He also became an advocate general of Bombay and later also worked with John Molesworth MacPherson in his chamber. As a lawyer, he gained fame due to his brilliant performance in the CAUCUS CASE a controversy that arose out of Bombay municipal elections.


Rising leader

In 1857, many Indian stood against British rule in the subcontinent. A civil war was waged but the government suppressed the revolt. Jinnah devoted much of his time to his law practice in the early 1900s but was also involved in politics. Jinnah began political life by attending the Congress’s twentieth annual meeting, firstly he became a congress member favoring Hindu-Muslim unity in achieving self-government. Quaid wanted to raise the Indian status on the international level at that time he still didn’t forget the Muslim interests in the whole context. He was known as the best ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity. He tried to bring them politically on one page but his all efforts were in vain after the Urdu-Hindi conflict. He joined the All India Muslims league in 1916.


Jinnah at Lucknow Pact

Jinnah played a vital role in the Lucknow pact (December 1916 an agreement between Congress and the Muslim league. He represented the India Muslim League. This pact dealt with both of the main points; Hindu-Muslim relations and policy toward British Rule.


Founder of Pakistan

With the passage of time and events, he was pushed to believe that Muslims and Hindus could not live together in the same state. For this, he went to any extent to satisfy the British Rule.

As a firm wall, Jinnah stood against the British government in India for the rights of Muslims. He proposed his fourteen-point as a constitutional reform plan to safeguard Muslim’s political rights. On the one hand, the British government was dealing with World War II on the other it had to face pressure for a separate state for Muslims. Jinnah did not care about anything to achieve his ambition even though he put his personal life at stake. He remained the leader of the Muslim league till the inception of Pakistan in 1947. It was the privilege of Muslims that he was the first governor-general of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan but unfortunately, due to his illness he died at the age of 71 soon after the creation of Pakistan. A founding father left his newborn baby country in worse conditions when it needed him badly. May his soul rest in peace.



Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a great personality of the 1900s. Who lead his community to a separate independent state where they could live their lives freely. He saw a dream and got it at any cost. He draws a line on the world map which history can never deny. He dreamed of a country where equality, religious freedom, and rule of law could have prevailed.

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