The Nehru Report, 1928 – Facts And History


The Nehru Report, also known as the Motilal Nehru Report, was a document outlining the demands of the Indian National Congress for constitutional reform in British India. The report was named after Motilal Nehru, a prominent Indian nationalist and the father of Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister. Here are the complete details of the Nehru Report from beginning to end:


Background: In the 1920s, the Indian National Congress was the main political organization fighting for Indian independence from British rule. In 1927, the British government appointed the Simon Commission to review the constitutional framework of India. However, the commission did not have any Indian members, which led to widespread protests and boycotts in India.

In response, the Congress appointed a committee led by Motilal Nehru to draft a report on constitutional reform in India. The committee consisted of prominent Indian leaders such as Tej Bahadur Sapru, Srinivasa Sastri, and Muhammad Ali Jinnah.


The Report: The Nehru Report, published in 1928, consisted of a series of recommendations for constitutional reform in India. The report demanded dominion status for India within the British Empire, a federal structure for the country, and the protection of minority rights.

The report also called for the abolition of separate electorates for Muslims, which had been introduced by the British government to ensure Muslim representation in Indian politics. Instead, the report recommended reserved seats for Muslims in the central legislature and provincial assemblies.


Reaction: The Nehru Report was widely debated in India and drew both praise and criticism. Some Indian leaders, particularly Hindu nationalists, opposed the report’s recommendation for reserved seats for Muslims, while Muslim leaders criticized the report for not adequately addressing the concerns of the Muslim community.

The British government also rejected the report, arguing that it went beyond the terms of reference of the Simon Commission.


Legacy: Despite its rejection by the British government, the Nehru Report was a significant milestone in the Indian independence movement. It reflected the growing demand for self-governance and represented a consensus among Indian leaders on the need for constitutional reform.

The report also paved the way for future negotiations with the British government on Indian independence, including the Round Table Conferences and the eventual adoption of the Government of India Act 1935.


In conclusion, the Nehru Report was a significant document in India’s struggle for independence. It represented the demands of the Indian National Congress for constitutional reform and paved the way for future negotiations with the British government. Despite its limitations, the report remains an important landmark in the history of India’s freedom struggle.

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