The history of Karachi is rich with stories of Balochi tribes migrating and settling in the area. The name Karachi was derived from the name of a fishing community on the island of Abdullah Goth. This community was founded as Kolachi by the Baloch tribes. Now, it is one of the largest cities in the world and has been the capital of Pakistan since 1960. The population of Karachi is estimated at approximately 14 million, making it the 26th most populous city in the world and the second-most populous city in Pakistan (after Lahore). Karachi is one of Pakistan’s most important financial and industrial centers and contributes approximately 20% of Pakistan’s Gross Domestic Product. Karachi is also Pakistan’s most cosmopolitan city. Approximately 45% of the population of Karachi is Muslim, 40% is Hindu, and the remaining 15% are Christian, Parsi, Sikh, Buddhist, Ahmadiyya, and other minorities.
The origins of the name “Karachi” are unclear. It may be derived from the name of the Hindu mythological city of “Karoli”, believed to be close to Karachi. Alternatively, it may have been derived from the Koli tribe which is believed to have settled in the area as well as around Sindh, from the word “Kol”. Karachi was once known as “Kolachi” by the local Sindhi, Balochi, and Makrani populations.
It is the capital province of Sindh in Pakistan. It is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, in the southern part of Pakistan. Karachi encompasses roughly 5,000 years of history and is one of the oldest cities in the world. It was the center of the Indus Valley Civilization in ancient times and today is the modern capital of the province of Sindh and the provincial capital of the Sindhi people. Karachi is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world and is a global city.
Post Islamic era
The Islamic Golden Age was a period of cultural, economic, and scientific flowering in the Islamic world, traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century. The Islamic Golden age was inaugurated in the middle of the 8th century by the Abbasid Caliphate.
Era of Muhammad bin Qasim
South Asia was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE). Some of the oldest cities in the world are in South Asia. Some of these cities had organized societies and complex economies. The people of these cities worshipped gods and goddesses and had their temples and places of worship. The people also followed their philosophies and religions. While there are many different religions in South Asia, Hinduism was the dominant religion.
On 18th July, 711 CE, the forces of Muhammad bin Qasim defeated Raja Dahir in alliance with the Jats and other regional governors. In the short term, the establishment of a Muslim dynasty meant stiff taxes for the local populace, who resisted the occupation. In the long term, the legacy of the conquest was the spread of Islam, the introduction of a new language and script, the introduction of a new system of law, the destruction of the veneration of saints, and the disruption of the established social order. He was the first Muslim invader of the subcontinent under the Umayyad Caliphate. He conquered the Indus Valley and parts of the Punjab region.
Karachi under the aegis of the Mughal Empire
In the mid-16th century, the Portuguese made their first expedition to the Sindh province. On this trip, they managed to take hold of the coastal town of Thatta. The Portuguese rule lasted for several months and the attack was repelled. The rule of the Mughal administrator of Sindh, Mirza Ghazi Beg Karachi was well fortified against Portuguese colonial incursions in Sindh. However, the Portuguese still held some fortresses in the area. According to the blog, Shah Jahan directed Mirza Ghazi Beg, the Mughal administrator of Sindh, to retake these forts from the Portuguese.
Karachi under the Colonial period
The city of Karachi was first explored in the 1700s. In the mid-18th century, the British East India Company sent a couple of exploratory missions to the area. The British were suffering from a shortage of cotton and the Karachi region was known to be a thriving cotton-based economy. Karachi was later conquered by the British East India Company and was made the capital of Sindh in the 1840s. Karachi became a major transport hub for the British, connecting them to the rest of India and Africa.
Karachi was reputedly founded in 1729 CE by Baloch tribes from Balochistan, and in 1792, the British East India Company established a trading post in the city. Karachi was built as a trading port by the British Empire in the 1800s, and the city was subsequently governed by the British Raj in India until 1947 when the British Empire split and the subcontinent gained independence.