Karachi – Pakistan. Facts And History

 

Karachi is the largest and most populous city in Pakistan, with a population of over 20 million people as of 2021. It is located on the southern coast of the country and is the capital of the province of Sindh. Karachi is a major financial, commercial, and industrial hub in Pakistan, and is also home to the country’s largest port.

The city has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from various ethnic groups and religions such as Islam, Hinduism, and Christianity. Karachi is known for its diverse cuisine, including traditional Pakistani dishes such as biryani and kebabs, as well as international cuisine from around the world.

Karachi has faced several challenges in recent years, including political instability, security concerns, and infrastructure issues. However, it remains an important city in the region and continues to be a major center for business and trade in South Asia.

 

Other Names Of Karachi:

 

Karachi is also known by several other names, including:

  1. The City of Lights: This name was given to Karachi because of its vibrant nightlife and the city’s ability to stay awake and active 24 hours a day.
  2. The Bride of the Cities: Karachi is often called the Bride of the Cities because of its beauty, charm, and cultural significance.
  3. The Gateway to Pakistan: Karachi is the largest and busiest port in Pakistan, serving as a gateway for trade and commerce to and from the country.
  4. The City of Quaid: Karachi is also known as the City of Quaid, as it was the birthplace of the founder of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
  5. The City of Opportunities: Karachi is considered to be a city of opportunities because of its large population, diverse economy, and abundance of resources.

 

Nicknames Of Karachi:

 

Karachi has several popular nicknames, some of which include:

  1. K-Town: This nickname is often used by the younger generation and refers to the first letter of the city’s name.
  2. The Big Durian: This nickname is a reference to the city’s size and its reputation for being an acquired taste, similar to the spiky, pungent fruit.
  3. City of the Quaid: This nickname is a variation of the “City of Quaid” and is a nod to Karachi’s historical and cultural significance as the birthplace of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.
  4. Mini Pakistan: Karachi is often referred to as Mini Pakistan because of its diverse population, which includes people from all over Pakistan, speaking different languages and practicing different religions.
  5. Paris of Asia: Although not as widely used, some people have referred to Karachi as the Paris of Asia, due to its vibrant nightlife, art and culture scene, and fashionable residents.

 

Historical Importance Of Karachi:

 

Karachi has a rich and diverse history, with evidence of human settlement in the region dating back to the Stone Age. Throughout its history, Karachi has been an important center of trade, commerce, and culture, and has played a significant role in the development of South Asia.

Some of the key historical events and developments associated with Karachi include:

  1. Early Settlements: The region that is now Karachi was inhabited by various cultures and communities over the centuries, including the Indus Valley Civilization, the Greeks, the Scythians, and the Mughals.
  2. British Rule: Karachi became an important center of trade and commerce during the British colonial period, serving as the capital of the Sindh province and a major port for exports and imports. The city underwent significant development and expansion during this time, with the construction of major infrastructure projects such as the Karachi Port Trust and the railway system.
  3. Partition of India: In 1947, when India was partitioned into two countries, Pakistan and India, Karachi became the capital of Pakistan. The city played a key role in the political and economic development of Pakistan, and saw significant growth and development in the years following partition.
  4. Economic Growth: Karachi has long been one of the most important economic centers of South Asia, with a vibrant business community and a diverse economy. The city is home to several major industries, including textiles, pharmaceuticals, and finance, and has a large informal sector as well.
  5. Social and Cultural Diversity: Karachi is known for its diverse population, with people from all over Pakistan and other parts of the world living and working in the city. This has led to a rich and varied culture, with influences from different ethnic groups, religions, and languages.

Overall, Karachi has played an important role in the history and development of South Asia, and continues to be a major center of commerce, culture, and innovation in the region.

 

How To Reach Karachi:

 

Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan and is well connected to other parts of the country and the world. Here are some ways to reach Karachi:

  1. By Air: The Jinnah International Airport in Karachi is the largest airport in Pakistan and serves as a major hub for international and domestic flights. Several airlines operate regular flights to Karachi from major cities around the world, including Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Doha, Istanbul, and London, as well as from other cities in Pakistan.
  2. By Road: Karachi is well connected to other cities in Pakistan through a network of highways and roads. The National Highway (N5) connects Karachi to other major cities in the country, including Lahore, Islamabad, and Peshawar.
  3. By Train: The Pakistan Railways operates several trains that connect Karachi to other major cities in the country, including Lahore, Rawalpindi, and Quetta. The main railway station in Karachi is the Karachi Cantonment Railway Station.
  4. By Bus: Several bus companies operate intercity and intracity buses in Karachi, providing an affordable and convenient way to travel around the city and to other parts of the country. The main bus terminal in Karachi is the Karachi Bus Terminal, which is located in the Saddar area.
  5. By Sea: Karachi is home to the Karachi Port Trust, which is the largest port in Pakistan and serves as a major hub for maritime trade and transportation. Several passenger ships and ferries operate from the port, providing transportation to other cities and countries in the region.

Overall, Karachi is well connected to other parts of the country and the world, and travelers have several options to choose from when it comes to reaching the city.

 

10 Interesting Facts About Karachi:

 

Sure, here are 10 interesting facts about Karachi:

  1. Population: Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan and the sixth-largest city in the world by population, with over 20 million people living in the metropolitan area as of 2021.
  2. Port City: Karachi is home to the largest port in Pakistan, the Karachi Port Trust, which handles over 60% of the country’s cargo.
  3. National Capital: Karachi served as the capital of Pakistan from 1947 to 1958, before the capital was moved to Islamabad.
  4. Food: Karachi is known for its diverse and delicious food, including traditional Pakistani dishes like biryani, kebabs, and nihari, as well as international cuisine from around the world.
  5. Religious Diversity: Karachi is home to people from a variety of religious backgrounds, including Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, and others.
  6. Architecture: Karachi has a mix of old and new architecture, including historic buildings like the Mohatta Palace and modern skyscrapers like the Bahria Icon Tower.
  7. Sports: Cricket is the most popular sport in Karachi, and the city has produced several famous cricketers, including Imran Khan and Wasim Akram.
  8. Education: Karachi is home to several prestigious universities, including the University of Karachi, Aga Khan University, and NED University of Engineering and Technology.
  9. Language: The official language of Karachi is Urdu, but many people also speak English and other regional languages like Sindhi and Balochi.
  10. Climate: Karachi has a hot and humid climate, with average temperatures ranging from 25°C (77°F) in winter to 35°C (95°F) in summer. The monsoon season, which lasts from July to September, brings heavy rainfall to the city.

 

Post Islamic era

The Islamic Golden Age was a period of cultural, economic, and scientific flowering in the Islamic world, traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century. The Islamic Golden age was inaugurated in the middle of the 8th century by the Abbasid Caliphate.

 

Era of Muhammad bin Qasim

South Asia was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE). Some of the oldest cities in the world are in South Asia. Some of these cities had organized societies and complex economies. The people of these cities worshipped gods and goddesses and had their temples and places of worship. The people also followed their philosophies and religions. While there are many different religions in South Asia, Hinduism was the dominant religion.

On 18th July, 711 CE, the forces of Muhammad bin Qasim defeated Raja Dahir in alliance with the Jats and other regional governors. In the short term, the establishment of a Muslim dynasty meant stiff taxes for the local populace, who resisted the occupation. In the long term, the legacy of the conquest was the spread of Islam, the introduction of a new language and script, the introduction of a new system of law, the destruction of the veneration of saints, and the disruption of the established social order. He was the first Muslim invader of the subcontinent under the Umayyad Caliphate. He conquered the Indus Valley and parts of the Punjab region.

 

Karachi under the aegis of the Mughal Empire

In the mid-16th century, the Portuguese made their first expedition to the Sindh province. On this trip, they managed to take hold of the coastal town of Thatta. The Portuguese rule lasted for several months and the attack was repelled. The rule of the Mughal administrator of Sindh, Mirza Ghazi Beg Karachi was well fortified against Portuguese colonial incursions in Sindh. However, the Portuguese still held some fortresses in the area. According to the blog, Shah Jahan directed Mirza Ghazi Beg, the Mughal administrator of Sindh, to retake these forts from the Portuguese.

 

Karachi under the Colonial period

The city of Karachi was first explored in the 1700s. In the mid-18th century, the British East India Company sent a couple of exploratory missions to the area. The British were suffering from a shortage of cotton and the Karachi region was known to be a thriving cotton-based economy. Karachi was later conquered by the British East India Company and was made the capital of Sindh in the 1840s. Karachi became a major transport hub for the British, connecting them to the rest of India and Africa.

 

Conclusion

Karachi was reputedly founded in 1729 CE by Baloch tribes from Balochistan, and in 1792, the British East India Company established a trading post in the city. Karachi was built as a trading port by the British Empire in the 1800s, and the city was subsequently governed by the British Raj in India until 1947 when the British Empire split and the subcontinent gained independence.

 

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