Dr. Rajendra Prasad -“Ajatshatru”. The First President Of Independent India. A Short Biography

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India, serving from 1950 until 1962. A renowned lawyer and political leader, he was a key figure in the Indian independence movement. He also played a pivotal role in the formation of the Republic of India and was instrumental in drafting the Indian Constitution. A committed nationalist, he worked tirelessly for the unity and development of India.

 

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People called him “Ajatshatru” a person with no enemies. He was a man of great integrity and principle and was deeply respected by all. He was a true leader of the people and will always be remembered as one of the greats of Indian history.

 

Early life:

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was born on December 3, 1884, in a Kayastha family. His father was Mahadev Sahai, a scholar of Sanskrit and the Persian language. He had four other siblings. His mother died in his childhood.

 

Student Life:

He got elementary education and then, in 1896, went to the Chapra district school. He was taught by a Muslim scholar because his father wanted him to learn Persian. He married Rajavanshi Devi at the age of 12. He studied in Patna for a period of two years. He got a scholarship of 30 Rs per month from the University of Calcutta.

 

Career:

He served in various educational as a teacher. He did M.A in economic s and became a professor of English at Bihar College. He took part in law examinations in the law department of the University of Calcutta and won a gold medal. He also did his Doctorate in Law from Allahabad University. He was appointed as one of the members of the senate and syndicate of Patna University.

 

Role in Freedom Movement:

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was one of the most important leaders of the Indian freedom movement. In 1906 he worked for congress as a volunteer and formally joined it in 1911. He met Mahatma Gandhi during the Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress in 1916 after which he left his career as a lawyer and university to help the freedom movement. In this movement, he also met Rahul Sankrityayan, a writer, and a polymath. He was greatly influenced by his intellectual powers. Dr. Rajendra Prasad also helped people affected by the floods in Bihar and Bengal in 1914. He was in jail when the earthquake-affected Bihar on January 15, 1934, he was in jail. At that time, he asked his close friend to do relief work. During the Quit India movement of 1942, he was arrested and imprisoned by the British authorities. In 1946, he was elected as the President of the Constituent Assembly, which was tasked with drafting the Constitution of India. However, he continued to work for the cause of Indian freedom even while in jail. He was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi and played a pivotal role in the struggle for independence. He became one of its most prominent leaders and worked tirelessly to achieve independence from British rule. He played a key role in framing the Constitution and is considered one of the architects of modern India.

 

 

Presidency:

Unfortunately, on January 25, 1950, his sister Bhagwati Devi died. He managed his cremation but after his return from the parade ground. On 26, 1950, he was elected as the first president of India. He served as the first president of India from 1950 to 1962 and in this position for 12 years and made invaluable contributions to the development of the nation. After the country achieved independence, he played a key role in shaping its new Constitution. He also worked tirelessly to promote social and economic development and to promote unity among India’s diverse population. Throughout his presidency, he strongly advocated for democracy and human rights. He was also a respected voice on the international stage and helped build strong relationships with other nations. After leaving office, he remained active in public life and continued to work for the betterment of India until his death in 1963. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was a great leader and patriot who devoted his life to the cause of Indian freedom and development. He will always be remembered as one of the founding fathers of the modern Indian state.

 

Services

 

First presidency: In the office, he remained from January 26, 1950, to May 13, 1962. Jawaharlal Nehru was Prime Minister, and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was vice president.

 

  • The first minister of Agriculture

From August 15, 1947, to January 14, 1948, he served as minister of agriculture; at that time, Jawaharlal Nehru was Prime Minister.

 

  • President of Constituent Assembly of India

He was in office from December 9, 1946, to January 24, 1950, when Jawaharlal Nehru was in prime minister’s office, and the vice president was Harendra Coomar Mookerjee.

 

President of India:

Being The President of India, he acted as required by the Constitution and represented India all over the world. He was elected twice as a President and was the only President to achieve this task.

 

Retirement:

In 1962 after serving for 12 years as President, he decided to retire and returned to Patna in May 1962. His wife Rajavanshi Devi died in September 1962, just before the Indo-China war.

 

Award:

He was honored with the Bharat Ratna award, the nation’s highest civil award, in 1962.

 

Places dedicated to Dr. Rajendra Prasad:

Several places in India are dedicated to Dr. Rajendra Prasad. In his hometown of Siwan, a museum and a library are both named after him. In Delhi, there is a road and a park that is named after him. And in Chennai, there is a school that is named after him. All these places serve as reminders of the significant contributions that Dr. Rajendra Prasad made to the country.

 

Death:

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, passed away on February 28, 1963, at the age of 78. He was a renowned freedom fighter and statesman. His death shocked the whole nation. He was a beloved figurehead symbol of the country’s struggle for independence. His death was mourned by millions of people, and his funeral was attended by leaders from all over the world.

 

Summary:

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was an Indian politician and lawyer who served as the first President of India in office from 1950 to 1962. He was a leader of the Indian independence movement and is considered the architect of the modern Indian state. After studying law at the University of Calcutta, Dr. Rajendra Prasad joined the Indian National Congress and became politically active. He was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi and participated in the Salt Satyagraha and the Quit India Movement. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was arrested and spent nearly a decade in prison during the British Raj. After India attained independence in 1947, he was elected as President of the Constituent Assembly and played a leading role in framing the Indian Constitution. He was elected as the first President of India in 1950 and served until he died in 1962. Dr. Rajendra Prasad played a pivotal role in the Indian independence movement and the subsequent formation of the Republic of India. He was an influential leader of the Congress Party and served as the President of the Constituent Assembly that drafted the Indian Constitution. As President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was a champion of democracy and helped to solidify the young nation’s commitment to pluralism and tolerance.

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