Patna (Pataliputra), Bihar. Facts And History

The original name of Patna was Pataliputra or Patalipattan. The city has been known by various names through more than 2,000 years of existence – Pataligrama, Pataliputra, Kusumapura, Kusumdhwaja Pushpapuram, Padmavathi, Azimabad and the present-day Patna.

Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India and is the second-largest city in Eastern India after Kolkata. It had an estimated population of 1.68 million as of 2011, making it the 19th largest city in India. With over 2,000 years of continuous urban settlement, Patna is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world. Patna was founded in 490 BCE by King Ajatashatru of Magadha. It was originally called Pataliputra and was the capital of the Magadha Empire. Patna later became the capital of the Kingdom of Bengal. The Timurids sacked the city in 1399 and later served as the capital of the Mughal province of Bihar.

Patna is a major commercial, industrial, and educational centre in eastern India. It is also a transportation hub with road and rail links to the rest of India. The city is served by two international airports and has a large seaport on the Ganges River. Patna is known for its rich cultural heritage and is a learning centre for both Hindi and Urdu literature. The city is also home to several historical monuments, including the Golghar, the Patna Sahib Gurudwara, and the Mahavir Mandir.


Places to Visit in Patna

There is no shortage of places to visit in Patna, the capital of Bihar. There is something for everyone in this city, from historical sites to religious temples. Here are the top 10 places to visit in Patna:


Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna

The Mahatma Gandhi Setu is a bridge named after Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, over the Ganges in Bihar, India. It was built in 1982 and is one of the longest bridges in the world. The Mahatma Gandhi Setu connects the cities of Patna and Hajipur. It is an important link between the northern and southern parts of Bihar. It has greatly reduced the travel time between the two cities and has made transporting goods and people much easier.

The Mahatma Gandhi Bridge is a bridge over the river Ganges in Patna, Bihar, India. The bridge is one of the busiest in India, with daily traffic of about 150,000 vehicles. It was inaugurated by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on February 5, 1982. The bridge has been named after Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation. It symbolizes the close association between the people of Bihar and Mahatma Gandhi.

The Mahatma Gandhi Setu is a beautiful structure and is a popular tourist attraction. It is also an important symbol of the country’s engineering prowess. This bridge spans the Ganges and is one of the longest bridges in India. It is a popular spot for sunset watching and offers stunning river views.


Golghar, Patna

Golghar is a beehive-shaped storied building constructed by Captain John Garstin of the British East India Company in 1786. This massive structure has a base diameter of 125 m and 29 m. It has 145 steps leading to the top, providing a panoramic view of the city and the river Ganges. The main purpose of this structure was to store grains in large quantities to meet the need during famines.

The Golghar was built after the 1770 Bihar earthquake that destroyed most of the buildings in Patna. The earthquake had also caused the Ganges to change its course, which resulted in frequent floods in the city. It was decided to build a large granary to store grains during famines. The Golghar was completed in 1786 at the cost of Rs. 1.75 lakh. The Golghar has been used many times to meet the need during famines. In the past, the Golghar was also used as a lighthouse and a place to keep ammunition.


Patna Museum:

Patna Museum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the city. It is home to a wide variety of historical artefacts and artworks. The museum was established in the early 20th century and has been a major attraction for locals and tourists alike. The museum houses a collection of rare and valuable artefacts from the ancient and medieval periods. These include sculptures, paintings, coins, and inscriptions. The museum also has a section dedicated to the freedom struggle of India. The Patna Museum is a must-visit for anyone interested in the history and culture of the city. It is a great place to learn about the rich past of Patna and see some of the most amazing artefacts from the city’s history.


Kumhrar, Patna

Kumhrar, also known as the City of Bricks, is an archaeological site in Patna, India. It is believed to be the site of the ancient city of Pataliputra, which was the capital of the Magadha Empire. The city was first excavated in 1915 by the archaeologist A.C.L. Carlyle. The excavations revealed many brick structures, including several brick temples. The most notable is the Great Bath, which is believed to have been used for bathing or swimming. Other notable structures include the Ashoka pillar, the world’s tallest brick pillar, and the Pillars of Ashoka, a series of pillars inscribed with the edicts of Ashoka.


Agam Kuan, Patna

Agam Kuan is an ancient well in Patna, India. It is believed to date back to the 3rd century BC and is said to be where the legendary Hindu sage, Markandeya, meditated.

The well is octagonal and has a flight of stairs leading down to it. It is surrounded by a small park and a popular spot for tourists and locals.


Mahavir Mandir, Patna

Mahavir Mandir is a temple located in the heart of the city of Patna, Bihar. It is one of the most popular temples in the state and is visited by devotees from all over the country. The temple was built in the year 1730 A.D by Swami Balanand and dedicated to the Hindu god Lord Hanuman. The temple is adorned with intricate carvings and paintings. The temple complex also houses a museum with a collection of rare Jain artefacts.


Padri Ki Haveli, Patna

The church was built in 1713 by Jesuit missionaries and is one of the oldest churches in Bihar. It is in the town of Gaya, which is about 100 km from Patna and is dedicated to the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. It is a small church with a simple facade. The church’s interior is decorated with paintings of the life of the Virgin Mary. The church is a popular pilgrimage site for Catholics in Bihar.


Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, Patna

Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, popular as Patna Zoo, is a zoological park in Patna, the capital of Bihar state in India. The zoo houses a wide variety of animals, birds and reptiles and is a popular tourist attraction in the city. The zoo is also involved in conservation and education programmes and works to raise awareness about the importance of wildlife and its conservation.


Srikrishna Science Centre, Patna

Srikrishna Science Centre Patna is one of India’s most popular tourist destinations. It is in the city’s heart and is a hub of scientific activity. The centre has a wide range of exhibits on various topics such as astronomy, physics, chemistry, biology, and many others. It also has a planetarium, which is a popular attraction among visitors. The centre is open all days of the week and is a great place to learn about the various branches of science.

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