Shaheed Sukhdev Thapar (1907-1931) – Facts And History


Sukhdev Thapar was born on May 15, 1907, in Ludhiana, Punjab, to Ramlal Thapar and Ralli Devi. He came from a middle-class Punjabi Hindu family and was the second of three children.

Sukhdev’s father, Ramlal Thapar, was a government school teacher and a staunch nationalist. He was a follower of the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement that aimed to promote social and cultural reforms in India. Ramlal Thapar’s nationalist views deeply influenced Sukhdev and his siblings, who were all active in the Indian independence movement.

Sukhdev had an older sister named Kulwant Kaur and a younger brother named Balbir Singh. Both his siblings were also active in the freedom struggle. In fact, Sukhdev’s sister, Kulwant Kaur, was married to a fellow revolutionary named Achhar Singh, who was also hanged along with Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru in the Lahore Conspiracy case.

After Sukhdev’s execution, his family faced a lot of hardship and persecution from the British authorities. They were forced to leave their home and were kept under constant surveillance by the police. However, despite all these difficulties, Sukhdev’s family remained committed to the cause of Indian independence and continued to support the freedom struggle.

Today, Sukhdev Thapar’s family is regarded as one of the most illustrious families of the Indian freedom movement. They continue to inspire and motivate people with their commitment to the ideals of social justice, equality, and national liberation.

Freedom Struggle with the British Empire:

Sukhdev Thapar (1907-1931) was an Indian freedom fighter and revolutionary who played a significant role in the Indian independence movement. He was born in Ludhiana, Punjab and was a close associate of Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru, who were also freedom fighters.

Here are some key facts and events related to Sukhdev Thapar:

In 1928, Sukhdev joined the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), which was a revolutionary organization that aimed to overthrow British rule in India.

On 8th April 1929, Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev, along with Rajguru, were involved in the assassination of a British police officer, J. P. Saunders, in Lahore. This was in response to the brutal killing of the freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai by the police.

In 1930, Sukhdev was arrested along with Bhagat Singh and Rajguru for their involvement in the Saunders’ murder case. They were tried in court and sentenced to death.

On 23rd March 1931, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru were hanged to death in Lahore Central Jail.

Sukhdev was only 24 years old at the time of his death, and he remains an icon of the Indian independence movement to this day.

The Sukhdev Thapar Memorial Trust was established in his honor in 1983. The trust aims to promote the ideals and values that Sukhdev stood for, such as social justice and equality.

Several films and TV series have been made on the life and legacy of Sukhdev Thapar, including the 2002 film “The Legend of Bhagat Singh” in which he was portrayed by actor Rajkumar Santoshi.

Overall, Sukhdev Thapar was a brave and dedicated freedom fighter who sacrificed his life for the cause of Indian independence. His legacy continues to inspire people to fight for justice and freedom.

Awards and Recognition:

Sukhdev Thapar is widely regarded as one of the most iconic and revered freedom fighters of the Indian independence movement. Here are some of the major awards and recognition that he has received:

The Indian government posthumously awarded him the Padma Bhushan, one of India’s highest civilian honors, in 2008, as a recognition of his contribution to the freedom struggle.

In 1973, the Indian postal department released a commemorative postage stamp in honor of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru.

The Government of Punjab has set up the Sukhdev Thapar Memorial Trust, which aims to promote the values and ideals of the freedom fighters.

The Indian film industry has made several movies on the life of Sukhdev Thapar, including “Shaheed” (1965), “The Legend of Bhagat Singh” (2002), and “Rang De Basanti” (2006).

In 2016, a statue of Sukhdev Thapar was unveiled in his hometown of Ludhiana, Punjab, to honor his contribution to the Indian freedom movement.

In many schools and universities across India, Sukhdev Thapar is remembered and honored for his bravery, patriotism, and sacrifice.

Overall, Sukhdev Thapar’s contribution to the Indian independence movement has been widely recognized and celebrated. He is regarded as an inspiration to millions of people in India and around the world who continue to fight for freedom, justice, and equality.

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