Bhagat Singh was an Indian socialist and freedom fighter who played a key role in the Indian independence movement against British rule. He was born on September 28, 1907, in Banga, Lyallpur district, Punjab, India, into a Punjabi Sikh family.
Bhagat Singh’s family was deeply involved in the Indian independence movement. His grandfather, Arjun Singh, was a freedom fighter and his father, Kishan Singh, was active in the Ghadr Party, a revolutionary organization that sought independence from British rule. Bhagat Singh was also influenced by the ideas of socialist leaders such as Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky.
Bhagat Singh received his early education in Lahore and later attended National College in Lahore, where he was actively involved in student politics. He became a member of the Hindustan Republican Association, a revolutionary organization that sought independence from British rule through armed struggle.
Bhagat Singh never married and did not have a known romantic relationship. He was dedicated to the independence struggle and devoted his life to the cause. He had many close friends and comrades who shared his beliefs and fought alongside him, including Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru.
Bhagat Singh’s most famous act of resistance was his involvement in the bombing of the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi in 1929. He and his comrades threw bombs in the assembly as a protest against the British government’s use of the Defence of India Act, which allowed for the arrest and detention of political prisoners without trial. Although no one was killed in the bombing, Bhagat Singh and his comrades were arrested, tried, and sentenced to death.
It is not known if Bhagat Singh had any surviving siblings or family members. However, his legacy continues to inspire millions of people around the world. He is remembered as a hero of the Indian independence movement and a symbol of bravery and selflessness.
In his tussle with the British Empire, Bhagat Singh was a member of several revolutionary organizations, including the Hindustan Republican Association and the Naujawan Bharat Sabha. He was a strong advocate of revolutionary violence as a means of achieving independence from British rule.
Bhagat Singh and his comrades were actively pursued by the British authorities, who saw them as a threat to their rule in India. It is not known how Bhagat Singh managed to escape from the British, but it is likely that he was helped by fellow members of the independence movement.
In 1929, while serving a life sentence in prison, Bhagat Singh and two other freedom fighters, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru, went on a hunger strike to protest against the inhuman conditions and treatment of political prisoners in the Indian jails. The hunger strike lasted for 63 days, during which the prisoners demanded equal rights for political prisoners.
The strike received widespread support from across India and the world and helped to bring attention to the cause of Indian independence. Despite the support, the British government refused to meet the demands of the striking prisoners, and Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru were ultimately hanged on March 23, 1931.
The hunger strike and sacrifice of Bhagat Singh and his fellow freedom fighters continue to inspire Indians and people around the world and is considered a turning point in India’s struggle for independence.
Bhagat Singh was hanged in Lahore jail on March 23, 1931, at the age of 23. His death was widely mourned across India and he became a symbol of resistance against British rule.
In his last moments in prison, Bhagat Singh reportedly refused to seek clemency or appeal his death sentence, instead choosing to embrace his martyrdom as a symbol of resistance against British rule. He is remembered as a brave and selfless hero who devoted his life to the cause of Indian independence.
Bhagat Singh was posthumously awarded the Shaheed Diwas Puruskar by the government of Punjab in 1983 and was declared a martyr by the Indian government in 2010. His life and legacy continue to be celebrated and honored in India and around the world.
Bhagat Singh was known to have read extensively, and was influenced by the ideas of socialist leaders such as Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky, as well as Indian independence leaders such as Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal. He is considered to be one of the most influential figures in Indian political and social history.