Understanding Spanish Wine Classifications

Coming from the highest wine exporter on the earth, Spanish wine is understood for its premium high quality and beautiful style. No marvel it’s the most well-liked wine in line with the newest worldwide export figures.

However regardless of its reputation, not all Spanish wine lovers know the correct classifications. The Spanish wine {qualifications} are strictly adopted by vineyards or areas. Having such information offers you an edge as a shopper as a result of not each Spanish wine exporter comply with these laws and also you may find yourself paying extra for an inexpensive wine.

Here is a easy information that may allow you to classify the Spanish wine you’re keen on.

DOC or Denominación de Origen Calificada

The wines beneath DOC are thought of probably the most premium high quality of the area since it’s the strictest Spanish wine classification. Solely the designated areas of Rioja in 1991, adopted by Priorat in 2003 and Ribera del Duero in 2008 have the DOC title up to now.

Vino de Pago (VP)

This classification is meant for particular person single-estate with a world repute and as of now, there are solely 14 estates in Spain which have this standing.

Denominación de Origen

DO System was organized in 1932 and is a classification much like Italy’s Denominazione d’Origine Protetta (DOP), France’s Appellation d’Origine Protégée (AOP) and Portugal’s Denominação de Origem Controlada (DOC ).

The wines beneath DO symbolize high-quality wines from over 80 Spanish wine areas and thought of because the mainstay of Spain’s high quality management system.

Every area has its personal designated Consejo regulardor who decides the boundaries, permits, most yields, limitations of alcohol content material, and different high quality requirements manufacturing zone limitation.

Vino de Calidad Producido en Región Determinada (VCPRD)

Proposed in 2005, this classification is taken into account because the stepping stone in the direction of reaching DO standing.

VdlT Sp. Vinos de la Tierra

Also called nation wines or wine of the land, this stage is much like France’s Vin de pays system.

Vino de Mesa (VdM)

All unclassified vineyards and grapes are beneath this designation, and normally consult with most nation’s desk wines.

Spanish Wine Getting older Classification

Except for classifying areas and vineyards, Spanish wines are additionally labeled based mostly on getting older time. Principally utilized to purple wines, every area could have their very own classification, however is mostly the next:

Joven or Cosecha

This implies younger, and no minimal getting older is required. Principally, the wines are immediately bottled to age, now not requires for barrel getting older.

A Joven wine are identified for its contemporary fruity flavour and is finest for speedy consumption.


Crianza means aged and is required a minimal of 12 months in a barrel and one other 12 months in bottle. Nonetheless, getting older necessities nonetheless is determined by the areas. These wines are fairly complicated, and you’ll scent the oak and has mushy tannins.


The wines beneath reserve are those that are aged longer than 12 months, thus coined the time period “reserve”. Though not adopted by most areas, Reserva wines are adopted by high vineyards and areas like Rioja.

Nonetheless, such a time period is usually used for a advertising and marketing technique that’s the reason you can purchase solely to Spanish wine exporters a good wine producers.

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