Islamabad – The Capital Of Pakistan. Facts And History

Islamabad is the Capital of Pakistan.  The idea of Islamabad as the capital of Pakistan was conceived by President Ayub Khan (1907–1974) in his first term in 1958. The formation of the new capital was started in 1960 and the city was built to replace Karachi as the capital. It is situated at the foot of the Margalla Hills and is a short distance from the lush green Margalla Hills National Park. It has been part of the crossroads of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The city is also a modern metropolis and is home to most of the foreign diplomatic missions as well as a large number of Pakistani government institutions. It has a population of 2,810,344 and is home to the largest airport in Pakistan, the Benazir Bhutto International Airport. The city is a major center of industries, with over 14% of total manufacturing in the country as well as housing most of the leading multinational corporations. The city has a vibrant media sector and is also home to Pakistan’s film industry.


Early History

The historic Taxila valley is home to the ruins of ancient Buddhist stupas, Hindu temples, and Muslim shrines. The region is known as the “Kashi of the East,” due to its extensive cultural history. In the Pothohar Plateau region, the remnants of the Indus Valley Civilization – one of the oldest in South Asia – are still visible. An ancient Pakistani city, Islamabad is one of the earliest sites of human settlement in Asia. It is believed that the plateau where it is located was once a part of the Indus Valley Civilization and some of the earliest Stone Age (100,000 to 500,000 years ago) artifacts have been found there.

It is truly a great city, with a wide range of feature that has a stronghold over its history. These features include the skyscrapers, parks, and lake, which the city has is the most important sights. This article will be a guide on the history of Islamabad and the things one can enjoy over the weekend.


Pothohar Plateau region

The Pothohar Plateau gets its name from the Pothohar tribe, which is one of the ethnic groups found in the area. The Pothohar Plateau is a mountainous plateau, which is located to the west of Islamabad. It was the home of the Soanian culture. The culture was evidenced by the discovery of fossils, tools, and coins. It is bounded on the north by the Jhelum River, on the south by the Salt Range, on the east by the Rawalpindi District, and on the west by the Indus River. The Pothohar Plateau gifted by nature has been a cradle of civilization from time immemorial.


Islamabad: The city into eight zones

Islamabad is a master-planned city. It was originally designed by Greek architect Constantinos Apostolou Doxiadis. He divided the city into eight zones including an administrative zone, diplomatic enclave, residential zone, educational and industrial zone, commercial zone, as well as rural and green areas which are administered by the Islamabad Metropolitan Corporation with support from the Capital Development Authority.


Recent History

The city has hosted several important meetings, such as the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation summit in 2004. The city’s infrastructure and facilities are being expanded. The International Financial Services Centre is being expanded to host more companies in its tax-free environment. . This city is also home to most of the biggest educational institutions in the country. It also boasts of several tourist destinations.



The climate of Islamabad is generally moderate, with typically warm and sunny weather from April–to September. Winters are cool, with occasional snowfall in the northern regions of Islamabad. The city is located in a region of transition from a humid subtropical climate to a semi-arid climate. The city’s climate is generally moderate, with typically warm and sunny weather from April–to September. Winters are cool, with occasional snowfall in the northern regions of Islamabad. The city receives an average annual rainfall of around 570 mm, and average annual snow.



The history of Taxila is one steeped in the culture of both Buddhism and Hinduism. The region was a melting pot of different beliefs from the West and the East, and this is reflected in the religious temples and monuments that were built. The history of Taxila is so rich and diverse that it is impossible to capture it all in a single blog post.


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