Biblical Archaeology Discoveries

“Brothers, I will be able to inform you expectantly that the patriarch David died and was once buried, and his tomb is right here to nowadays.” Peter used the proof of antiquity to end up the that means of prophecy relating to Jesus in Acts 2:29.

A

Abel Beth Maacah– unexcavated mound, town stored by way of “smart girl” in II Samuel 20:14-22.

Absalom’s Pillar– positioned in Kidron Valley east of Jersualem, discussed in II Samuel 18:18.

Accho(now known as Acre) – town discussed in Judges 1:31.

Aczib– town which the tribe of Asher did not take, discussed in Judges 1:31.

Adullam– secret cave of David in I Samuel 22:1.

Ai– Joshua burned this town discussed in Joshua 8:28.

Akeldama– Potter’s Field the place Judas hanged himself, discussed in Matthew 27:6-10.

Amarna– drugs (dated 1400 B.C.) on this Egyptian town comprise a letter from the ruler of Urusalem (Jerusalem) caution the Pharaoh that all of the towns of Canaan are besieged by way of the Khabiri (Hebrews).

Anathoth– house the city of Abiathar the priest discussed in I Kings 2:26 and of the prophet Jeremiah discussed in Jeremiah 1:1.

Antioch– discussed in Acts 11:26, excavated in 1932, town the place disciples had been first known as Christians.

Antipatris– discussed in Acts 23:31, town the place Paul was once taken beneath arrest.

Arabah– a dry valley named in Joshua 18:18.

Ararat – mountains the place Noah’s ark rested in Genesis 8:4; massive stones used to stabilize a huge historic send are discovered within the space of Mount Lubar (a mountain of Ararat).

Areopagus– also known as Mars Hill in Athens, discussed in Acts 17:17, the place Paul preached in regards to the “Unknown God” monument came upon in 1903 in town of Pergamum.

Ashdod– Philistines took the ark of God right here in I Samuel 5:5, excavated in 1962 which showed destruction by way of Uzziah king of Judah discussed in II Chronicles 26:6.

Ashkelon– excavated in 1921, town discussed in Judges 1:18.

Asaiah – a seal influence was once came upon with the phrases “Asaiah servant of the king” discussed in II Kings 22:12,14 and II Chronicles 34:20; he was once one that King Josiah commanded to inquire of Huldah the prophetess regarding the misplaced Book of the Law.

Asshur– son of Shem in Genesis 10:22, first capital town of Assyria and named in Numbers 24:22, excavated in 1853.

B

Babylon(Babel) – excavated in 1899, first point out as Babel in Genesis 10:10, additionally came upon was once the basis of the “House of the Foundation Platform (tower) of Heaven and Earth” in Genesis 11, additionally clay drugs relating to Jehoiachin king of Judah discussed in II Kings 24:12,15.

Baruch son of Neriah – a seal of this scribe was once came upon, who wrote down the phrases of Jeremiah as discussed in Jeremiah 36:4.

Beersheba– named by way of Abraham who dug a nicely nonetheless discovered there, discussed in Genesis 21:30-32, came upon in 1874.

Bethany– the city of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus, discussed in John 12:1.

Bethel– God published himself to Jacob who named this position in Genesis 35:2-7, excavated in 1954.

Beth Shearim– In this the city, the tomb of the circle of relatives of Rabbi Gamaliel is positioned. He was once the grandson of Hillel, founding father of the sect of Pharisees. He was once additionally the trainer of Paul and a member of the Sanhedrin. Gamaliel gave his opinion and caution in regards to the ministry of Peter and the opposite apostles in Acts 5:34-40. The easy inscription at the tomb reads, “This [tomb] is of the Rabbi Gamaliel.”

Bethesda– came upon in 1888 with its columns and porches, pool in Jerusalem the place Jesus healed a person in poor health for 38 years, discussed in John 5:2.

Bethlehem– location of Jesus’ start and Rachel’s tomb nonetheless status, discussed in Genesis 48:7 and I Samuel 10:2.

Beth Shan– town discussed in Judges 1:27 and temples came upon in 1937 the place Saul’s armour and severed head had been displayed discussed in I Samuel 31:10 and I Chronicles 10:10.

Beth Shemesh– town excavated in 1931, discussed in Judges 1:33, jar maintain came upon with inscription “belonging to Eliakim, steward of Jehoiachin.”

Beth Zur– town excavated in 1931, fortified by way of Rehoboam to shield Judah, discussed in II Chronicles 11:7.

C

Caesarea– town excavated in 1960, the place Paul gave the impression prior to Felix, Festus, and Agrippa, discussed in Acts 23:33; came upon right here was once a stone inscription naming “Pontius Pilate Prefect of Judea”.

Caesarea Philippi– town the place Peter declared that Jesus is the Christ the Son of the dwelling God in Matthew 16:16.

Calah– town excavated in 1845, discussed in Genesis 10:11 as probably the most first towns, constructed by way of Nimrod.

Capernaum– town positioned on northwest shore of Sea of Galilee, and discussed in John 6:59, an historic synagogue was once came upon believed constructed at the website of the only the place Jesus preached. The names of Alphaeus, Zebedee and John are discovered on probably the most pillars (see Mark 3:17-18).

Carchemish– town excavated in 1914, the place a decisive fight was once fought finishing the Assyrian empire, discussed in II Chronicles 35:20.

Colossae– recognized in 1835, location of the church to whom Paul wrote the Letter to the Colossians.

Corinth– inhabited till an earthquake in 1858, excavators discovered a 1st century limestone block relating to Erastus as commissioner of town, discussed in Romans 16:23; the court docket the place Paul was once taken in Acts 18:12 has been positioned.

Cyrus Cylinder – relates the decree of Cyrus to go back the prisoners of Babylon (together with the Jews) to their very own land and the recovery of treasures to their temples as in Ezra 1:2,3.

D

Damascus– oldest steady town, discussed all through the Bible starting in Genesis 14:15, side road known as Straight nonetheless present (at upper place) discussed in Acts 9:11.

Dan– maximum northern town of Israel and the place Jereboam arrange golden calf, discussed in Genesis 14:14 and I Kings 12:29, handiest floor explorations were executed.

Dead Sea Scrolls– discovered close to Qumran started in 1947, manuscripts or fragments of each and every e-book of the Old Testament (except for Esther) relationship between 100 B.C. and 68 A.D., different scrolls many times inform in their expectation that the Messiah was once about to look.

Derbe– a mound positioned 15 miles south of Lystra, the place Paul preached discussed in Acts 14:6.

Dibon– town excavated in 1868, Moabite Stone was once came upon written in Hebrew, refers back to the House of David; describes rebellion of Mesha, king of Mesha, and names Omri king of Israel, discussed in II Kings 3.

Dothan– the city excavated in 1953, the place Joseph was once thrown right into a nicely discussed in Genesis 37:17-28 and the place Elisha had a imaginative and prescient discussed in II Kings 6:13.

E

Ebla– excavated in 1964, clay drugs with names very similar to the ones within the Bible: Ebrum in Gen.10:21, Abraham, Esau, Saul, Michael, David, Israel, Ishmael, and of gods El, Ya, (who was once splendid over different pagan gods named in Bible equivalent to) Dagan, Astar, Adad, Kamis, Malik. Also named are loads of position names discussed within the Bible and one pill mentions the Five towns of the apparent in the similar order as given in Genesis 14:2 (first time those position names had been discovered out of doors Bible).

Ecbatana– town the place scroll of Cyrus was once discovered issuing his decree for the discharge of the Jews from Babylon and for the rebuilding of the temple in Jersualem, discussed in Ezra 5:13-6:14.

Ekron – town the place the ark of the coveneant was once taken discussed in I Samuel 5:10. In 1997, an inscription was once came upon within the buried ruins of a temple of Baal which identifies it as being within the town of Ekron.

Edrei– town the place Og, king of Bashan, was once defeated by way of the Israelites, discussed in Numbers 21:33.

Ephesus– town excavated in 1863, the place church was once positioned to whom Paul wrote his Letter to the Ephesians; came upon are the Temple of Artemis and figuring out inscriptions and the theater the place Paul was once dragged discussed in Acts 19:23-41.

Erech– town excavated in 1852, based by way of Nimrod discussed in Genesis 10:9-10, clay drugs display early population worshipped handiest two deities.

Ebion Geber– town excavated in 1937, website of King Solomon’s army discussed in I Kings 9:26.

G

Gallio– an inscription dated 52 A.D. was once present in Delphi in Greece which mentions that Gallio was once proconsul of Achaia as said in Acts 18:12-17.

Gerazim– mountain the place Samaritans nonetheless worship, discussed in John 4:20.

Gezer– excavated in 1909, Solomon’s chariot town discussed in I Kings 9:16-17.

Gibeah– excavated in 1933, capital of Israel in I Samuel 10:26, fort of King Saul came upon with target market room the place David performed the harp.

Gibeon– excavated in 1957, tabernacle positioned right here prior to Solomon’s temple was once constructed, Solomon selected knowledge right here in II Chronicles 1:3-13, jar handles came upon with the identify Gibeon, additionally private names of Amariah, Azariah, Hananiah in Jeremiah 28:1; the pool of Gibeon came upon carved out of rock, discussed in II Samuel 2:12-17.

Gihon– excavated in 1867, Solomon topped right here; tunnel came upon main from the spring into Jerusalem, discussed in II Samuel 5:8.

Gilgal– excavated in 1955, Israel’s first tenting position after crossing Jordan; location corroborated by way of Joshua 4:19, Josephus, and Eusebius.

H

Hamath– excavated in 1872 and 1938, inscriptions of Hittites discussed in Genesis 15:20; King of Hamath despatched presents to David in II Samuel 8:6.

Haran– Abraham lived right here on his approach to Canaan, discussed in Genesis 11:31, Mari drugs refer steadily to this location.

Hazor– excavated in 1955, town was once destroyed in Joshua 11:10 and rebuilt by way of Solomon in I Kings 9:15.

Hermon– easiest mountains of Palestine; its slopes and peaks had been the “top puts” of Baal worship discussed in Numbers 22:41; many ruins of shrines and a temple to Baal at the easiest height had been came upon in 1934.

Hoshea – a seal of the minister of Hoshea closing king of Israel was once came upon, discussed in II Kings 17:1.

J

Jabneh– unexcavated mound, location showed by way of many historic assets; discussed in Joshua 15:11, recaptured by way of Uzziah in II Chronicles 26:6.

Jacob’s Well– positioned close to Sychar in John 4:5,6; one of the vital unique websites attested by way of historic Samaritan custom and scripture location.

Jerahmeel– came upon was once a seal influence of this son of the king, discussed in Jeremiah 36:26, who was once despatched to arrest Jeremiah and Baruch (see above).

Jericho– excavated in 1868, 1911, 1936, and 1958; first town captured in Joshua 6:1-27; fallen partitions and charred stays had been came upon all over the length of the Israelite siege which are compatible verses 20,24.

Jerusalem– a lot of excavations since 1838, hyperlinks to Biblical instances are segment of temple wall, stone signet of “Haggai, the son of Shebaniah” in Haggai 2:23, Pool of Siloam in John 9:7, figuring out inscription and tunnel built by way of Hezekiah discussed in II Kings 20:20, inscription at Herod’s temple prohibiting Gentiles, inscription figuring out burial position of Uzziah king of Judah, inscription of tomb of the son of the top priest Caiaphas who presided over the trial of Jesus in Luke 3:2 and John 18:13,14,24,28.

Jezreel– unexcavated town at foot of Mount Gilboa, location of the palace of Ahab and Jezebel, the place Elijah ran for his lifestyles in I Kings 18: 46, the place Jezebel was once trampled and eaten by way of canine as Elijah predicted in I Kings 21:23 and fulfilled in II Kings 9:30.

Joppa– port town, minor excavations; from the place Jonah left for Tarshish discussed in Jonah 1:3.

Ok

Kedesh– in part explored, probably the most six towns of shelter in Joshua 20:7, captured in Joshua 12:22.

Khorsabad– excavated in 1842, capital town of Sargon king of Assyria, came upon annals of his seize of Samaria confirming Isaiah 20 which was once the one prior proof of Sargon’s lifestyles.

Kiriath Jearim– minor explorations, in Joshua 9:17, town the place ark of the covenant remained prior to David introduced it to Jerusalem, discussed in I Chronicles 13:5-8.

Kiriath Sepher– excavated in 1932, discussed in Joshua 15:15.

Kish– excavated suburb of Babylon, relationship from 4000 B.C., clay drugs display pictographic script from which cuneiform advanced, proof of fast decline from monotheism to a few gods (sky, earth, solar) to 5000 gods (see Erech).

Korazin– synagogue and stone seat came upon like Moses’ seat discussed by way of Jesus in Matthew 23:2.

L

Lachish– excavated in 1938, captured by way of Israel in Joshua 10:32, came upon had been The Lachish Letters written by way of Hoshaiah discussed in Nehemiah 12:32 and Jeremiah 42:1 and 43:2, and which describe the tough years prior to the Babylonian seize of Jerusalem; refers back to the phrases of the princes as “weakening our fingers” discussed in

Jeremiah 38:4.

Laodicea– unexcavated town, house of probably the most seven church buildings discussed in Revelation 1:4,11; the description of town partitions could also be traced.

Lydda– unexcavated town, referred to as Lod in I Chronicles 8:12, the city the place Peter healed a paralytic in Acts 9:32.

Lystra– came upon in 1885 when a Roman altar was once discovered with “Lystra” inscribed in massive letters, on a mound 25 miles south of Iconium; the place Paul taken as a god and later stoned and left for lifeless in Acts 14:8-20.

M

Mareshah– excavated in 1900, house of prophet Micah and Eliezer discussed in II Chronicles 20:37 and fortified by way of Rehoboam discussed in II Chronicles 14:12.

Mari– excavated in 1933, depicts lifestyles in patriarchal instances; came upon statue of Ashtoreth discussed in I Kings 11:33 and reliable letters making common connection with towns of Haran, Nahor, Serug, Peleg, and Terah discussed within the Bible in addition to private names of Reu, Terah, Nahor, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Benjamin, and David.

Medeba– a town of Moab, discussed in Numbers 21:30 and Isaiah 15:2.

Megiddo– excavated in 1935, came upon had been the signet seal of “Shema officer of Jeroboam” in I Kings 11:28, inscription of Shishak discussed in I Kings 14:25,26; huge solid compounds for Solomon’s chariots discussed in II Chronicles 9:25.

Memphis – capital of Egypt, came upon had been huge cemeteries discussed rhetorically in Hosea 9:6.

Mizpah– excavated in 1935, the place Samuel judged Israel in I Samuel 7:5-6; came upon had been a large wall constructed by way of Asa discussed in I Kings 15:22, jar handles with “Mizpah” in Old Hebrew, a seal studying “Jaazaniah, officer of the King” discussed in II Kings 25:23.

N

Nazareth– house of Jesus to age 30, a definite nicely nonetheless used has at all times been the one supply of water for town.

Nineveh – excavated in 1845, a town constructed by way of Nimrod in Genesis 10:11 and the place Jonah preached, came upon had been inscriptions and accounts of Sennacherib’s seize of Hezekiah and towns of Israel with cautious descriptions of spoils taken however no clarification of his failure to seize Jerusalem, which was once because of a miracle of God described in II Kings 19:35-36; Sennacherib’s ultimate days described in verses 36-37 is showed by way of a clay cylinder present in Esarhaddon’s palace; Ashurbanipal’s library was once discovered which contained early accounts of a really perfect flood and of introduction.

Nob– unexcavated town of clergymen close to Jerusalem, the place David fled from Saul discussed in I Samuel 21:1-9.

Nuzi– excavated in 1931, a town of the similar tradition as Haran the place Abraham lived; drugs display an identical practices equivalent to belongings transfers executed on the town gate in Genesis 23:10-18, a handmaid may undergo kids for a childless spouse in Genesis 16:3, childess couple may undertake a son as inheritor however would get replaced if a herbal son is born as in Genesis 15:2-4, exchanging a small present for an inheritance as in Genesis 25:30-34, blessing of a demise father as a criminal approach to bequeath belongings as in Genesis 27:30-33, ownership of family gods as proof of belongings possession dropping gentle on Genesis 31:30-35.

O

Olives– mount in Jersualem with 1st century Christian cemetery and burial chests having names of Jairus, Simon Bar-Jonah, Mary, Martha, and Siloam.

P

Pergamum– excavated in 1878, a town of probably the most church buildings addressed in Revelation 2:13 as “the place Satan has his throne”; many pagan constructions and altars came upon.

Persepolis– excavated in 1935, capital town of Darius the Great in Ezra 4:Five and Xerxes, husband of Queen Esther, the place their inscriptions had been discovered.

Petra (Sela)– excavated in 1934, town discussed in II Kings 14:7.

Philippi– excavated 1914 to 1934, town of the church of the Letter to the Philippians; came upon had been the gateway to the river the place Paul preached discussed in Acts 16:12-13.

R

Rabbah (Rabbath-Ammon)– minor excavations, the identify of this town nowadays is Amman in Jordan, historic capital of the dominion of the Ammonites discussed in Deuteronomy 2:19 and three:11, folks of that are descended from the son of Lot in Genesis 19:38.

Ras Shamra (Ugarit)– excavated in 1929 and 1939, came upon had been a temple library, temples of Baal and Dagon, a trust in El as Creator and Father of all with Asherah as his consort, and which Israel denounced in Judges 2:12-15 and I Samuel 12:10.

Rome– town the place Paul was once beneath space arrest in Acts 28:16; town of the church of the Letter to the Romans; 5 million Christians had been buried within the catacombs came upon in Rome.

S

Samaria– excavated in 1910 and 1935, capital town of the northern kingdom of Israel, came upon had been foundations of the palaces of Omri and of Ahab discussed in I Kings 16:24, 1000’s of items of ivory designed for adornment as discussed in I Kings 22:39 and denounced in Amos 3:15 and six:1,4; pool of Samaria by which Ahab’s blood-stained chariot was once washed in I Kings 22:38; inscribed items of pottery with Biblical names of Ahaz, Sheba, Nimshi, Ahinoam, and Gomer.

Sardis– excavated in 1908 and 1958, a town of the e-book of Revelation; came upon had been a temple of Artemis with crosses engraved in lots of puts indicating its conversion right into a church development.

Shechem– excavated in 1909 and 1913 and 1934 and 1956, the primary position Abraham visited in Palestine in Genesis 12:6-7 and the place Joseph was once buried in Joshua 24:32; came upon had been a big wall and gateway the place Hamor and son Shechem conferred with Jacob in Genesis 34:20-24, and proof of the tower of Shechem discussed in Judges 9:46-49.

Shiloh– excavated in 1931, town location given in Judges 21:19 and the younger Samuel ministered right here in I Samuel 3:21; came upon was once proof of loss of stays after 1050 B.C. when it was once destroyed by way of the Philistines as discussed in I Samuel 4:10-11.

Siloam– excavated in 1896, this pool in Jerusalem the place Jesus despatched the blind guy to scrub in John 9:7 is definitely recognized on the finish of a tunnel from the village of Siloam; has 34 steps lower from rock and well-polished by way of foot put on.

Susa (Shushan)– excavated in 1852 and 1901, capital of historic Elam (son of Shem), scene of many Biblical occasions within the time of Daniel, Nehemiah, and Esther discussed in Esther 1:2; came upon had been the palace citadel described in Esther bankruptcy 1, ground of throne room in crimson, blue, white (porphyry) and black marble simply as described in Esther; cube equivalent to utilized by Haman; the King’s gate the place Mordecai sat; the interior court docket of the King’s space; the outer ward court docket of the King’s space; the palace lawn, all described within the Book of Esther.

T

Taanach – excavated in 1904, captured by way of the Hebrews in Judges 1:27 and a provide town all over the time of David and Solomon in I Kings 4:12; came upon had been horse stables as in different strategic towns (see Megiddo).

Tadmor– a town constructed by way of King Solomon for industry and protection discussed in II Chronicles 8:4, ruins are above floor.

Tahpanhes– excavated in 1886, Jeremiah and survivors of Judah fled right here in Jeremiah 40:Three and 41:1-Three and 43:5,7; and right here Jeremiah predicted the overthrow of Egypt in Jeremiah 43:8-11; in affirmation a fragmentary cuneiform pill tells of Nebuchadnezzar’s invasion of Egypt.

Thessalonica – town of the church of the Letters to the Thessalonians; Luke recognized the officers of town as “politarchs” in Acts 17:6,Eight which was once regarded as Luke’s contrivance till an inscription was once discovered on a town gate of the length which reads “within the time of the politarchs…”

Tirzah – excavated in 1949, Jereboam’s capital town in I Kings 14:17, came upon had been executive constructions begun however now not finished when Omri moved his capital to Samaria; very deficient and really wealthy properties as discussed in Amos 5:11; destruction by way of the Assyrians discussed in Hosea 8:14.

Troas– ruins of town theatre, temple, and partitions are discovered; position the place Paul had a imaginative and prescient of the Macedonian in Acts 16:8-11.

Tyre– a seaport well known from II Samuel 5:11 and Matthew 11:22 and Acts 21:7, now a small fishing village.

U

Ur– excavated in 1854 and 1919 and 1934, house the city of Abraham; came upon had been inscribed cylinders with the identify of town, and a prayer for Belshazzar to be “stored from sin” displays Daniel 4:27 and 34-37.

Z

Zarephath– a town between Tyre and Sidon the place Elijah lodged in I Kings 17:9.

Zoan– excavated in 1860 and 1929, town discussed in Numbers 13:22.

Zorah– location of an historic rock altar from the time of the Judges the place Manoah will have offered a burnt providing discussed in Judges 13:19-20; house of Samson in Judges 13:2.

SOURCES

Biblical Archaeology Review, Vol.21, No.6, 1995 and Vol.22, No.2, 1996.

The Bible and Archaeologyby way of J.A. Thompson. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans Pub., 1982.

“Archaeological Supplement” by way of G. Frederick Owens in Thompson Chain Reference Bible. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan Pub., 1983.

“Are the Bible Stories True?” in Time, Vol.146, No.25, Dec.18, 1995.