Batukeshwar Dutt was a revolutionary freedom fighter and a close associate of Bhagat Singh, one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian independence movement. Born on November 18, 1910, in a village in Bihar, India, Dutt was actively involved in the fight against British colonialism and oppression.
Dutt became a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), a revolutionary group that was founded in 1928 with the goal of achieving complete independence for India through armed struggle. The HSRA believed that non-violent methods of resistance had failed and that a more aggressive approach was necessary to achieve freedom for India.
Dutt became famous for his role in the Lahore Conspiracy Case, a high-profile court case that resulted from a bomb attack on the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi on April 8, 1929. Dutt, along with Bhagat Singh, was arrested for their involvement in the attack, which was carried out to protest against the passage of the Public Safety Bill and the Trade Dispute Act by the British colonial government.
During their trial, Dutt and Bhagat Singh used the courtroom as a platform to raise awareness about the plight of Indian people under British colonial rule. They used the opportunity to advocate for independence and to criticize the British government’s policies towards India.
Dutt and Bhagat Singh were sentenced to transportation for life, which meant that they were to be exiled to the Andaman Islands, a remote island chain in the Bay of Bengal, where they would serve their sentence in a notorious colonial prison.
Dutt and Bhagat Singh became legendary figures in the Indian independence movement, and their imprisonment was seen as a symbol of the British government’s oppression and brutality towards Indians. Dutt and Bhagat Singh went on a hunger strike to protest the inhumane treatment of Indian political prisoners in jail.
Dutt was released from prison in 1937, but he remained active in the Indian freedom struggle until India gained independence in 1947. After independence, Dutt joined the Communist Party of India and continued to work for the rights of workers and peasants.
Dutt passed away on July 20, 1965, at the age of 55. He is remembered as a brave and dedicated freedom fighter who gave his life to the struggle for Indian independence. Dutt’s legacy continues to inspire future generations of Indians to fight for justice and freedom.
In conclusion, Batukeshwar Dutt was a revolutionary freedom fighter who played a significant role in the Indian independence movement. He was a close associate of Bhagat Singh and was actively involved in the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Dutt became famous for his role in the Lahore Conspiracy Case and used the courtroom to raise awareness about the plight of Indian people under British colonial rule. He was exiled to the Andaman Islands for his involvement in the bomb attack on the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. Dutt remained active in the Indian freedom struggle until India gained independence in 1947 and continued to work for the rights of workers and peasants. Dutt’s legacy continues to inspire future generations of Indians to fight for justice and freedom.